Friday, July 31, 2015

Is Africa really rising?

By Fekadu Bekele (PhD)
July 30, 2015

Introduction President Barack Obama praised Africa’s economic performance in his speech on the 2015 Global entrepreneurship summit which was held in Nairobi from July 25-26, 2015. He stressed that Africa is “on the move and the continent is one of the fastest growing region in the world.” Further, he emphasized that “the people are being lifted out of poverty, and income is growing.” In his words, “the middle class is growing and young people are harnessing technology to change the way Africa is doing business.” In his view such a growing economy “creates incredible possibility for Africa and the world in general.”

The “Africa-Rising” narrative has been circulating for more than a decade. The Economist, Time Magazine, and some international consulting firms time and again try to convince the world that the African economy is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. In their analysis, high GDP growth rates, growing mobile markets, expanding internet shops, the construction of new buildings which are mainly planned for hotels and offices, the flowing of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) which focuses mainly on extraction of mineral resources and plantation economy like flower, Pineapple and coffee plantation, growing middle class are signs of a growing economy which prove that the continent is on the right track. However, others vehemently reject such a narrative and prove that high GDP growth rates and the flowing of FDI could not be translated into the improvement of the human life. Things on the ground have not that much changed. They convincingly argue that many African countries are still lagging behind in many ways compared to the East Asian Tigers which have solid economic foundations based on manufacturing activities. Therefore the Africa-rising narrative is a deliberate propaganda to divert the attitudes of the political elite and the masses away from real economic development which can create social and national wealth and expands in many directions. Real or genuine economic development must therefore fulfill a set of criteria which many African countries do lack. Before I analyze the set of criteria which are necessary for real economic development to take place we should look at why high GDP growth rates in many African countries and rising poverty and slum buildings are two sides of the same coin.

Some facts

Many African countries still rely on only one or two export commodities for their income. Most of the commodities which African countries are exporting are not being processed and finished products. As a matter of fact, the value-added chain of most of the commodities is being cut, and many African countries cannot create national wealth. Hence the price of the exporting commodities are fluctuating from time to time with adverse effects on the income of governments which most African governments rely to finance their budgets. A World Bank Report on global economic prospects which was published in January 2015 shows that most sub-Saharan African countries have experienced continuous current balance deficits as a percentage of GDP. This proves that the high GDP growth rates that most African countries have experienced could not help them to transform their economies so that they become less dependent on raw material exports.

The new World Bank Report asserted that economic development has improved the lives of a billion of people and lifted them from extreme poverty in many countries across the globe, while this is not the case in most sub-Saharan African countries. Accordingly, the number of people which earn less than $ 1.25 a day has increased in most sub-Saharan African countries while in other countries the number of people which earn $1.25 a day has been reduced. Especially, youth unemployment is very high in many African countries. Extreme poverty and the expansion of slum areas in the capital cities, like Nairobi, Addis Ababa and Johannesburg, and other big cities like Lagos have inevitably produced high criminality rates. In fact many citizens remain without jobs and therefore have to beg, which is a widespread phenomenon in Addis Ababa for instance. According to the World Bank report, Africa is the only continent which could not meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) as set by the United Nations 15 years ago. These and other hard facts prove once again that the supposed economic growth could not spill over to reduce the growing poverty rate. The growth rates mainly rely on the service and export sector. Economies that rely on such sub-sectors cannot create true national and social wealth, and as long as true national wealth cannot be created the reduction of poverty is impossible. If one looks at the general performance of the economy, the service sector has profited enormously from globalization and free trade, while the manufacturing sector which is usually the backbone of any growing economy, could not grow at the same rate as the service sector. Again the World Bank report of October 2014 confirms that high GDP growth rates that many African countries are experiencing is a result of the growth of agricultural and the service sector. Especially, the service sector has grown proportionally high compared to the manufacturing sector. The expansion of the service sector and investment in this area could not expand the market size. Still the main economic activity concentrates in few big cities, especially in the capital cities. Globalization and free trade have therefore produced in many African countries unequal development and mismanagement of the scarce resources. The few wealthy people who are being engaged in the service sector are not investing their money on wealth creating sector, but repeatedly invest on the service sector and import luxury goods which consume the meagre hard currencies. The development of a middle class that is seen as one of the success stories of the economy is not as such innovative and wealth creating, it rather becomes a market for products which are produced somewhere. Therefore the Africa-rising narrative does not have a solid foundation, and contradicts the realities on the ground. Because of lack of opportunities at home, especially thousands of young Africans are fleeing their home countries in order to find job opportunities in Western Europe and other places where they can find better living conditions. As we can see in mainstream media, they have to pay high prices. Most of them die without reaching into their destinations.

The flowing of FDI into Africa is one of the economic indicators which is seen as a sign of Africa’s rising narrative. According to the study conducted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), in 2013 alone $57 billion of FDI has flown into Africa, which is a rise of 4% compared to the previous year. However, other studies of the UNCTAD show that 50-70% of the FDI goes to the extraction and plantation sector. As we know the extraction companies export the resources without processing them. This proves that the extraction companies that control much of the African wealth do not contribute for the development of the internal market. Since the resources are being simply exported, the creation of wealth and income for the continent are not within the calculation of the companies. The workers that are employed in this sector do not earn enough money to secure their livelihood and that of their families. Many of them are being handled as quasi slaves without having any right to protest and improve their lives. The extracting companies are not only responsible for the low level of the living standards of the working people, but they also inflict heavy damages on the environment. Since many African countries do not have social and ecological standards, extracting companies do whatever they want and harm the entire social fabric of the community where they are engaged. Reports from certain African countries like Tanzania and French speaking African countries where uranium is being extracted, radioactive elements are poisoning the water and the entire environment. Most of the areas are not habitable anymore. From this point of view FDI is not contributing to Africa’s economic development, it rather benefits Western capitalist countries where the companies have their main seat.

A Set of Criteria for genuine Economic Development

Industrialization – Historically seen a growing economy is associated with growing and expanding industrialization across a given country. The basis for real industrialization is steel and iron, which are again the foundation of machine industry. When industrialization which is based on a machine industry is growing rapidly, it can create jobs for the millions of people who seek employment. As the economy expands in every direction, the size of the market grows due to the linkage effects of this growing sector. Hence other sectors, like the agricultural and the service sector will inevitably depend on this sector. This inevitably increases the accumulation effect of the economy and hence rapid income growth will become the rule of such a system of economic process which is mainly dependent on vast industrialization and expanded division of labor.Unfortunately, this is not the case in many sub-Saharan African countries, in countries which are repeatedly reported to have seen high GDP growth rates over the last five or six years. Most of the African economies do not have a real foundation and hence they cannot expand into different directions to create job and income opportunities for the people who are eagerly seeking job opportunities. As long as there is no industrialization that can spread into different directions the market size of a given country will remain very small. Many African economies still rely on the so-called import substitution industrialization, and this sector could not absorb the work force that come from the rural areas. The conditions in many African capital cities prove that as a result of such kind of not-well studied industrialization policy of the last 40-50 years, many scattered economic actives have sprung up whose accumulation base are very narrow and chaotic. Globalization and free trade have worsened this situation, and many capital cities become dumping grounds of second hand products.
Manufacturing – Consciously or unconsciously most studies and reports which insist that Africa is on the rise never mention the relevance of a manufacturing sector for a growing economy. Starting the 18th century onwards prominent economists of that time, especially in England stressed that without a manufacturing sector there cannot be real economic development. In Germany, and later on in the United States of America and Japan the power of a manufacturing sector in creating national wealth is well-understood. Hence, latecomers like Germany, America and Japan have vehemently rejected the idea of a free trade doctrine and concentrated on the manufacturing sector. The leaders and intellectuals of these countries were convinced that for the development of an integrated internal market a growing manufacturing sector is crucial. They were convinced that productivity and income growth and hence a strong national economy without a manufacturing sector is inconceivable. Therefore national cohesion is only possible when a given country systematically develops an expanded division of labor that is based on a manufacturing sector. According to the belief of some prominent philosophers and economists from Germany, countries that neglect this crucial sector sooner or later will have difficulties in maintaining a social order, and their countries and the people will never be respected.The Africa-Rising narrative does not take into account the importance of a manufacturing sector for economic growth and economic development. As studies show most African economies do not have a well-developed machine producing sector which is very important for the expansion of a manufacturing sector. Various departments of a given economy can only grow and expand with the existence a machine producing sector. In the absence of such a sector and very limited manufacturing activities, the power of money and its transformation into capital will be very limited. Therefore the Africa-Rising narrative does not have any scientific foundation. When some consulting companies and economists repeatedly speak that the African economy is growing, the political elite and the youth in Africa take this as scientific truism and associate themselves with such misguided information. They will never try to find out the intriguing propaganda behind such a narrative. Consulting firms and economic experts only want to make business and earn huge amount of profit and not stand for real development that can benefit the African people.
Science and Technology – It is well known that without constant efforts and researches in science and technology there cannot be any new findings. Researches in science and technology are the basis of innovation. Only with new innovation one can produce instruments of productions which raise productivity. New innovation in technology saves production costs and resources. With given resources one can get better yields and qualitatively better products. New innovations give way for further innovation that can stimulate growth. In other words cumulative growth is only possible through constant innovation. The advance in manufacturing sector and the production of high quality goods depend on permanent scientific researches and the introduction of new technologies. Without major breakthrough in this field there cannot be any progress in many areas. Only with the advancement of science and technology any country is capable of producing many kinds of instruments, which can be used for the production of other goods. The production of durable and non-durable goods of various types is only possible when governments could allocate enough money for researches. Countries which do not focus on this particular aspect could not have a secured life, and could not create true national wealth, which guarantees a secure livelihood for the people in any given country. If we study the development of capitalism, especially after the Second World War, economic growth and development is directly associated with technological developments and new findings. Technological development can only possible when universities and other similar institutions are well equipped with all sorts of materials and laboratories, including books. When we see the various types of investments in different fields, all investments are directly associated with the introduction of new technology. Therefore in all capitalist societies what matters are not numbers, but qualitative transformations that are associated with science and technology.In many African countries the relevance of science and technology is either not well-understood or not known to be a key driver of economic development. Many think that investments in few scattered areas which are not directly linked with the lives of the people and real development are being seen as the basis of economic growth. After almost 50 years of various types of economic policies, many African countries have not yet understood the relevance of science and technology. Countries like Japan, South Korea, and now China that have understood the role of science and technology are advancing in many areas, and have greater market shares on the world market. This is because they have followed the right catch-up strategy from the very beginning. All these countries have never taken the advices of foreign experts as the sources of their development strategy, but they have used their common sense and give continuous efforts to catch-up with the capitalist west. Therefore the Africa-Rising narrative without science and technology does not have any substantial foundation. Only through technological breakthrough there can be real economic development and social transformation.
Institution – The existence of effective institutions across a given country are signs of a growing economy. Institutions are binding infrastructures of the different social groups in any given country. According to the division of labor of the different institutions in any given country, some institutions can mobilize human and natural resources for economic development and social and cultural activities. Countries that do not have effective and very strong institutions cannot become accountable for their own people. The history of Western capitalist societies proves that, many countries in Western Europe have begun building institutions in their respective countries. Municipalities, different departments which are essential for different services, like water management and other services, schools and vocational facilities of different types, churches and well-structured halls are some of the sites which are being built by the various institutions to bring people together in any given community. In such a way the valorization of money, products and capital will be fastened, and this in turn helps the economy to develop in leaps and bounds. In other words, without effective and well-developed institutions across a given country one cannot talk of economic development.The Africa-Rising narrative does not raise the relevance of effective and well-organized institutions for resource mobilization and community life. Those experts who repeatedly tell us that Africa is on the rise have taken for granted that African countries do not need strong institutions for economic, social and cultural development. On the other hand it is understandable that multinational companies and those economic experts can manipulate the political elite and steal the wealth of the continent if each African country does not have strong institutions and well-articulated intellectual force that is equipped with various types of knowledge. Therefore we do not have to wonder when those experts do not want to tell us the truth, and simply insist that economic growth can take place without certain fundamental aspects, like institutions and well-organized work force that can defend its right.
As we observe and studies show many African countries after 52 years of political independence do not have effective and well-organized institutions. They still do not understand the importance of institutions for resources mobilization. By simply focusing on the bureaucratic machine, they believe that they can effectively administer their societies. As we all know bureaucratic apparatus are more or less repression machines that are organized to suppress the grievances of the masses and to maintain the status quo. State machines in many African countries consciously or unconsciously hinder economic and social development. The state bureaucratic machines in many African countries are simply extensions of the global capitalist system. The security, the military and the police force are equipped with instruments that come from capitalist countries. In countries where political and social consciousness are very low, and in countries where civil society movements are not well-developed and firmly rooted it is easy for such a force to suppress democratic and republican movements. Therefore the bureaucratic machine by simply consuming the resources of many African countries without in turn delivering any tangible services to the people serves the interests of the political elite and foreign forces that are engaged in resource extraction.

Space – By space I mean the development and existence of well-organized cities, towns, villages and rural areas. Economic activities can effectively take place, grow ins scope and size when any given country has well-developed cities. Space is not only a place for economic activity, but also for cultural and social activities. Only within well-organized cities people can become creative and innovative. The history of city buildings in many western capitalist countries prove that cities become the basis and foundation of various types of economic activities. Without proper houses, sanitation systems, and other social and cultural infrastructures simple economic growth does not have any meaning.The expansion of capitalism and hence globalization in many Third World countries, especially in Africa has totally distorted the relevance and meaning of well-organized space for human life. Because of the low level of social and political consciousness from the side of the political elite millions of people in many African countries are not seen as true human beings who need ordered spaces to live and become creative. Since economic growth is seen dissociated from ordered and well-organized cities, millions of people are compelled to build their spaces without proper planning systems. As a matter of fact such shanty towns become breeding grounds of all sorts of habits and criminalities which disturb the human imagination. The building of big apartments, hotels and villas for the well-to-do class create abnormal situations in many capital cities of African countries. Ordinary Africans are being seen as inferior by those wealthy people who become rich without invention and working very hard.
The size of the market in any country depends not only on the manufacturing activities, but also on the size of cities, towns and villages. In turn all these spaces must be interconnected with multiple types of transportation systems which transport goods, resources and human beings from one area to the other. Only in this way the economy of a given country can develop, and further technological innovation become possible. In the absence of well-organized spaces across a given country, the valorization of goods and capital is practically impossible. The Africa Rising narrative neglects the role of living space as organic structure for the development of a given economy. Since economic growth and development do not take place in vacuums or on air, genuine economic development is meaningless without aesthetically designed cities which have greater psychological impacts on the people of a particular country.

It is up to the African intellectuals to dismiss such kinds of narratives which do not have scientific foundation. The confusion that neo-liberal oriented economists and other experts spread and preach must be confronted from all sides, and African intellectuals must prove their social and political awareness by vehemently rejecting such a false narrative. We have to understand that the main intension of such kinds of propaganda is to fix into the minds of the Africans to particular things so that they have to accept this as if there is no another avenue of economic development. As we see Africa is a besieged continent, and foreign powers are competing to control the resources of the continent. In the name of fighting terrorism western governments and their companies create in strategic areas unstable situations so that they can have access to the resources. In many African countries because of artificial differences and because of low level of political and social consciousness people of a given community and country are drawn into permanent wars. Those forces which think that they are clever and wise than others, for the sake of short term gain are exporting wars into our continent. African governments are becoming indifferent to such kinds of foreign intervention into the affairs of their countries. Some of them like that of the Ethiopian government has changed itself to a vassal state and engaged into war in Somalia and elsewhere. In such unstable situation when the people of a given country are being caught in permanent war and fear, there cannot be entrepreneurship. The people of a given community and country cannot mobilize themselves and their resources to develop a strong economy that is based on science and technology. Therefore real economic development and a genuine middle class which is innovative can only occur and emerge when the political system is conducive and when social stability is secured. In an atmosphere of social instability, and chaotic conditions a middle class culture is inconceivable.

The Alternative

Innocent people may ask what kind of alternative there is other than the Africa-Rising narrative. To the present African predicaments there is one solution. The pure market economy which has been propagated for more than 6 decades cannot bring any tangible solution to the many complicated problems that many African countries are facing. Free trade doctrine and globalization have proved time and again that they can’t be effective methods of solving the African social, economic and cultural crises. Therefore African countries must follow another strategy if they want to become successful and build strong nation-states.

The only method to solve African problems is a holistic approach which is based on the Renaissance principle. For this the political elite and the people must change their mindset. Starting from the Greek civilization, to Renaissance, Reformation and then to Enlightenment there have been transformation in mindset of the people and the political order. That time intellectuals were compelled to ask themselves why they were condemned to live like that and governments behaved like that. After they found out the causes of war, diseases and hunger, they had to challenge the system from all sides. Through rigorous scientific research and intellectual activities they finally broke the rigid attitude of the ruling classes and the value system that was responsible for permanent war and mass dislocation. Confronted with such kinds of growing intellectual activities and debates on various issues, they ultimately found one common denominator and idea through which they can solve all the problems step by step. In other words, without a coherent idea and a common agenda there is no forward movement and progress. If African countries want to become successful they have to agree on a common idea. Only in this way they could mobilize all the available resources and build a system which can accommodate the interests of all the people in each country.

For this, political reforms, democratizations of the given institutions and creating effective and dynamic institutions are essential aspects that must be taken urgently. Without bold political reforms and without organizations people in any given country could not build a dynamic social and economic system. Political reforms must be undertaken in such a way so that the political elite and the people in each country become socially, politically and culturally aware. The political elite must understand that the resources in each country belong to all the people who are the citizen of each particular country. Therefore the given resources must be exploited so as to develop national wealth which can benefit all the people in each country. Besides this the introduction of a holistic education system is necessary which can rationalize the minds of the people and the political elite and which is suitable for creative and innovative activities. Only in this way African countries could solve their existing problems and build a solid system based on science and technology.

Fekadu Bekele is a political analyst, a consultant, a development economist specialized in Renaissance and Cultural Economics. He can be reached at the following address:

Source: Debirhan

የህወሓት ቀኝ እጅ የሆኑ ባለ ሃብቶች በስውር እተገደሉ መሆናቸው ታወቀ፡

የህወሓት ቀኝ እጅ የሆኑ ባለ ሃብቶች በስውር እተገደሉ መሆናቸው ታወቀ፡፡ የአርበኞች ግንቦት ሰባት ሕዝብ ግንኙነት ባሰራጨው ዜና የመለስ ዜናዊ የቅርብ ሰው የሆነ እና ከአዜብ መስፍን ጋር በአየር ባየር ንግድ እጅና ጓንት ሆኖ ይሰራ የነበረው ሀጎስ ወ/ገሪማ የተባለው የናጠጠ ቱጃር ማንነታቸው ባልታወቁ ሰዎች ተገድሏል፡፡

ሀጎስ ወ/ገሪማ የህወሓት ታጋይ የነበረ ህወሓት በዘመኑ ከፈጠራቸው የናጠጡ ቱጃሮች መካከል አንዱና ዋነኛው ሲሆን ሀምሌ 13 207 ዓ.ም ከምሽቱ 4፡45 ላይ አ.አ ኮድ 2 ሰሌዳ ቁጥር 03220 የሆነች ውሃ ሰማያዊ ላንድ ክሩዘር መኪና በማሽከርከር ላይ እንዳለ አዲስ አበባ መስቀል ፍላወር አካባቢ ተገድሏል፡፡

ሀጎስ ወ/ገሪማ ከሳሞራ እና ከሌሎች የህወሓት ጀነራሎች ጋር ጥብቅ የሆነ ቁርኝት ያለው የንግድ ድርጅቶቻቸውን እንቅስቃሴ የሚያቀላጥፍ ነበር፡፡

በተጨማሪም ከትግራይ ወደ ሳንጃ በመሄድ በከፍተኛ ንግድና የእርሻ ልማት የተሰማራ አማረ የተባለ የህወሓት ባለ ሀብት በአካባቢው ሚሊሻዎች በጥይት ተደብድቦ ተገድሏል ሲል የአርበኞች ግንቦት 7 ዘገባ ያመለክታል::

Source:: Zehabesha

Thursday, July 30, 2015

የእስር ዜና የቀድም የአንድነት ፓርቲ አባል የነበረው አቶ መኮንንት ብርሃኑ ታሰረ።

የቀድም የአንድነት ለዲምክራሲና ለፍትህ ፓርቲ አንድነት አባል የነበረው የወረዳ 28 አባል የአዲሰ አበባ ምክርቤት አባልና የየካ ክፍለከተማ አሰተባባሪ ኮሚቴ አበል የነበረው አቶ መኮንንት ብርሃኑ ታሰረ።
ባለፈው ሰኞ ከጠዋቱ በ4:00 ሰአት የመኖሪያ ቤቱ የጦር መሳሪያ በታጠቁ ሰዋች ተከቦ ቤቱ ከተበረበረ በሆላ እሱን በቁጥጥር ስር አውለው ወደአልታወቀ ቦታ እንደወሰዱት ከታወቀ ግዜ ጀምሮ ያለበትን ቦታ ለማወቅ ትልቅ ጥረት ሲደረግ ቆይቶል።
አቶ መኮንንት ብርሃኑ በአሁኑ ሰአት በመአከላዊ እስርቤት እንደሚገኙ በተደረገው ብርቱ ጥረት የታወቀ ሲሆን ከመንም ጋር እንዲገናኙ አልተፈቀደም።
አቶ መኮንንት ብርሃኑ የቤተሰብ ሃላፊ ባለትዳር የልጆች አባት ነው። ለረጅም አመታት በትግል ውስጥ የቆየው የአንድነትም መስራች አባል ሲሆን ፓርቲው በህገወጥ መንገድ ከመፍረሱ በፊት የምርጫ 2007 አሰተባባሪ ኮሚቴ ውስጥና በፓርቲው የድርጅት ጉዳይ ኮሚቴ የደቡብ ጎንደር አደራጅ ኮሚቴ ውስጥ የሰራ ጠንካራ አባል ሲሆን የፀጥታ ሃይሎች ጥብቅ ክትትል ይደረግበት እንደነበር ወደሃገሩ ዘመድ ጥየቃ ሲሄድም ሲመለስም ከፍተኛ ክትትል እንዳለበት ሲገል የቆየ ከመሆኑም በላይ በቅርቡም ከዘመዶቹ ጋር በደብረታቦር መቆየት ባለመቻሉ ተመልሶ የመጣ ሲሆን ጫናው እንደበዛ ለጋደኞቹና ለቤተሰቦቹ በተደጋጋሚ መናገሩን ይገልፃሉ በመጨረሻም በሃይል በቁጥጥር ሰር ውሎ በመአከላዊ እስር ቤት እንደሚገኝ ለማወቅ ተችሎል።

posted by Aseged Tamene

ከአዲስ አበባ ከተማ በደህንነት ኃይሎች የታፈኑት ሃያዎቹ ሙስሊሞች ዛሬ ልደታ ፍርድ ቤት ቀርበው ድጋሚ ለሐምሌ 28 ቀጠሮ ተሰጣቸው ።

በከድር መሃመድ የክስ መዝገብ የተከሰሱት ወጣት ወንድሞቻችን እና አንድ እህታችን፣ የቢላል ራዲዩ ጋዜጤኞች ካሊድ ሙሃመድና ዳርሶማ ሶሪን እንዲሁም በሐሰት አልመሰክርም በማለቱ ብቻ በእስር ላይ የሚገኘው ወንድም ሙጂብ አሚኖን ጨምሮ በአጠቃላይ 20 የሚሆኑ ሙስሊሞች ከ 5 ወር በፊት በደህንነት ኃይሎች ታፍነው በቅርቡ ከማዕከላዊ ወደ ቂሊንጦ ማረሚያ ቤት መዘዋወራቸውን መዘገባችን የሚታወስ ነው ።

እነዚህ ሙስሊሞች በቀጠሯቸው መሰረት ዛሬ ጠዋት ላይ ልደታ ፍርድ ቤት የቀረቡ ቢሆንም ያለምንም ምክንያት ቀጠሮ መስጠት የማይሰለቸው የካንጋሮ ፍርድ ቤት ለሐምሌ 28/2007 ቀጠሮ ሰጥቷቸዋል ።

ፍትህ ለኢትዮጵያ ሙስሊሞች!

Aseged Tamene

በረከት ስምኦን በህይወት መኖራቸውን ሳውዲ አረቢያ የተኙበት ሆስፒታል ሊያረጋግጥ አልቻለም – ጎልጉል

በረከት ስምኦን በህይወት መኖራቸውን ሳውዲ አረቢያ የተኙበት ሆስፒታል ሊያረጋግጥ አልቻለም – ጎልጉል
July 30, 2015 – — 10 Comments ↓
Bereket Simonጅዳ ሳውዲ አረቢያ ለህክምና በድብቅ ገብተው የልብ በሽታ ህክምና የተደረገላቸው የህወሃት/ኢህአዴግ ከፍተኛ ሹም በህይወት መኖራቸውን እንደሚጠራጠሩ ከሆስፒታሉ የሚወጡ ምስጢራዊ ምንጮች አረጋገጡ፡፡

በልብ በሽታ የሚሰቃዩት አቶ በረከት ለህክምና ጅዳ ሳውዲ አረቢያ የሚገኝ አንድ ሆስፒታል ህክምናቸውን ተከታትለው ወደ ሃገር ከተመለሱ ወዲህ የጤንነታቸው ሁኔታ እምብዛም ባለመስተካከሉ አመት ባልሞላ ጊዜ ውስጥ ለሁለተኛ ዙር ወደ ሳውዲ አረቢያ “ብግሻን” ሪፈራል ሆስፒታል ማቅናታቸው ይታወሳል፡፡

አቶ በረከት ስሞኦን ከብስጭት፣ ከተለያዩ የአልኮል መጠጦችና ከአእምሮ አደንዛዥ እጽ እንዲርቁ ተመክረው ጤንነታቸው አስተማማኝ ደረጃ እስኪደርስ የሐኪሞች ቅርብ ክትትል እንደሚያሻቸው ተነግሯቸው በቀጠሮ ቢሸኙም የቀጠሮ ግዜያቸውን አክብረው ዶክተሮቻቸው ጋር መቀረብ አለመቻላቸውን የሚገልጹ የሆስፒታሉ ምንጮች በረከት በህይወት መኖራቸውን ይጠራጠራሉ።

ጅዳ “ብግሻን” ሪፈራል ሆስፒታል ውስጥ የልብ ቧንቧ ማስፋት ህክምና የተደረገላቸው የኢህአዴጉ ሹም ጤንነት ሁኔታ የሚጠበቀውን ያህል ለውጥ አሳይቶ እንዳልነበር ሙያዊ ትንታኔ የሚሰጡ ምስጢራዊ የሆስፒታሉ ምንጮች በሽታው የልብ እንደ መሆኑ መጠን ባልታሰበ ግዜ ባለስልጣኑን ለሞት ሊዳርጋቸው እንደሚችል ከአቶ በረከት ጋር ለመጣ አስታማሚ ገልጸው እንደ ነበር ያስታውሳሉ።

በዚህም መስረት አቶ በረከት ስሞዖን ለሶስተኛ ግዜ ልባቸውን መታየት እንዳለባቸው ተነግሯቸው ቢሰናበቱም በቀጠሮ ቀን ተገኝተው ህክምናቸውን መከታተል ባለመቻላቸው በጤናቸው ላይ ሊያደርስ የሚችለው ተጽዕኖ ከፍተኛ መሆኑን የሚያሳየው የምርመራ ውጤት በረከት ሌላ ሃገር ለህክምና ሄደው ካልሆነ በቀር አሁን ባሉበት ሁኔታ የልብ በሽታው አደጋ ላይ ሊጥላቸው እንደሚችል በመጥቀስ ባለስልጣኑ በህይወት የሉም የሚለውን ጥርጣሬ ያጠናክራሉ።

በአቶ በረከት ስምዖን ጤንነት ዙሪያ ከጅዳ “ብግሻን” ሆስፒታል ተጨማሪ መረጃዎችን ለማግኘት ጥረት እናደርጋለን። (


Wednesday, July 29, 2015

በኢትዮጵያ እስር ቤት የሚገኙት የግንቦት ሰባት ዋና ጸሐፊ አቶ አንዳርጋቸዉ ጽጌ በተሻለ ሁኔታ መያዛቸዉን የአገሪቱ ዉጭ ግዳይ ሚኒስትር ዶክተር ቴዎድሮስ አድሃኖም ገለጹ።

በኢትዮጵያ እስር ቤት የሚገኙት የግንቦት ሰባት ዋና ጸሐፊ አቶ አንዳርጋቸዉ ጽጌ በተሻለ ሁኔታ መያዛቸዉን የአገሪቱ ዉጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዶክተር ቴዎድሮስ አድሃኖም ገለጹ።
ሚኒስትሩ ትላንት ለአሜሪካ ድምጽ ራዲዩ የአማርኛዉ ቋንቋ ስርጭት ስለ ፕሬዚደንት ኦባማ ኢትዮጵያ ጉብኚት በሰጡት ቃለ ምልልስ ስለ አቶ አንዳርጋቸዉ አያያዝ ተጠይቀዉ ፣ ታሳሪዉ በመኪና ሆነዉ አገሪቱ በልማት እያደረገች ያለችዉን ግስጋሴ እንዲጎበኙ ሁሉ እንደሚደረግ ተናግረዋል።
አቶ አንዳርጋቸዉ ፍርድ ፊት ለመቅረብ ፣ የህግ ጥብቅና ለማግነትና በቤተሰብ ለመጎብኘትስ ችለዋል ወይ ስንል ላቀረብንላቸዉ ጥያቄ ዉጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ቴዎድሮስ የሚከተለዉን መልሰዋል።
የእንጊሊዝ ዜግነት ያላቸዉ የግንቦት ሰባት ዋና ጸሐፊ አቶ አንዳርጋቸዉ ጽጌ ከአንድ ዓመት በፊት ሰኔ 2006 ዓም የመን ዉስጥ በኢትዮጽያ ጸጥታ ሃይሎች ተይዘዉ መወሰዳቸዉ ይታወሳል። ከዚያን ጊዜ ወዲህ ሁለት ጊዜ ብቻ በኢትዮጵያ የእንጊሊዝ ኤምባሳ ባለስልጣናት እንደተጎበኙ ተገልጿል። የብሪታኒያ መንግስት በቅርቡ ባወጣዉ መግለጫ የዜጋዉ የአንዳርጋቸዉ ጽጌ ጉዳይ ከኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ጋር ባለዉ ግንኙነት አሉታዊ እንደምታ እንዳያስከትል መናገሩ አይዘነጋም።

The Daily Show with Jon Stewart # Wet Hot African Summer (July 29th, 2015)

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

በኦባማ ጉብኝት ኢሕአዴጎች ለሁለት ተከፍለዋል – “የምርጫው 100% ውጤት የዓለም መሳቂያ አድርጎናል” የሚሉ ካድሬዎች በዝተዋል

(ዘ-ሐበሻ) የአሜሪካው ፕሬዚዳንት ኢትዮጵያ መምጣት ጠቅሞናል በሚሉና መሳቂያ አድርጎናል በሚሉ ሃሳቦች የኢሕ አዴግ አባላት ለሁለት መከፋፈላቸውን የዘ-ሐበሻ የውስጥ ምንጮች አስታወቁ::

እንደምንጮቻችን ገለጻ በኢሕ አዴግ ውስጥ የተፈጠረው ክፍፍል የፕሬዚዳንቱን መምጣት ተከትሎ የዓለም ታላላቅ ሚዲያዎች የኢትዮጵያን ዲሞክራሲና ሰብአብዊ መብት አያያዝ በከፍተኛ ሁኔታ መተቸታቸውና ኢሕ አዴግ 100% አሸንፍኩ የሚለውን ምርጫ መሳቂያ ማድረጋቸውን ተከትሎ ነው:: በተጨማሪም ኢሕአዴጎች ባራክ ኦባማ እንደ አርበኞች ግንቦት 7 እና ኦነግን የመሳሰሉ መሳሪያ አንስተው ድርጅቱን ለመጣል የሚንቀሳቀሱትን ድርጅቶች አሸባሪዎች እንዲልላቸው ፈልገው የነበረ ቢሆንም ፕሬዚዳንቱ እነዚህን ድርጅቶች በአሸባሪነት አለመፈረጃቸው በኢህ አዴግ አባላት ዘንድ ከፍተኛ የፖለቲካ ክስረትን አስከትሏል::

የኦባማን ወደ ኢትዮጵያ መሄድ ተከትሎ በኢሕአዴግ የይስሙላ የ100% የአሸንፌያለሁ የምርጫ ውጤት የተሳለቁት ከሱዛን ራይስ ጨምሮ የዓለም ታላላቅ ሚዲያዎች ሲሆኑ እነዚህም ሚድያዎች የኦባማን ኢትዮጵያ መሄድ ተከትሎ በምርጫው ውጤት ከመሳለቃቸው በተጨማሪ በሃገሪቱ ውስጥ ያለውን የሰብአዊ መብት አያያዝ መዘገባቸው አንዳንድ የኢሕ አዴግ አባላት “የኦባማ መምጣት በውጭ ሚድያዎች አጋለጠን; ለተቃዋሚዎች ጥቂት ወንበር ብንሰጥ ኖሮ ከዚህ ውርደት እንተርፍ ነበር” በሚል አቋም መከፈላቸውን የደረሰን መረጃ ያመለክታል::

ሲኤን ኤን; ዘጋርዲያን; ዩኤስ ኤ ቱደይ; ያሁ ኒውስ; ሮይተርስ; ፎክስ; ኤ ኤፍ ፒ: ኤፒ; ኤቢሲ; ኤንቢሲ; ፖለቲኮ; ቢቢሲ; ኤንፒአር; ኤቢሲ; አልጀዚራን ጨምሮ በየዓለማቱ ያሉ ትላልቅ ሚድያዎች የሕወሓት/ኢሕ አዴግን የሰብ አዊ መብት አያያዝና መሳቂያውን ምርጫ የኦባማን ጉብኝት ተከትሎ እያነሱ በሰፊው ተችተውበታል:: በዚህም የኢሕ አዴግ አባላት ደስተኛ እንዳልሆኑ ተገልጿል::

Source:: Zehabesha

አንድ የልዩ ሃይል አባል 6 ጓደኞቹን አቁስሎ ገንዘብ ይዞ ተሰወረ

ሐምሌ ፳፩ (ሃያ አንድ) ቀን ፳፻፯ ዓ/ም ኢሳት ዜና :-የኢሳት ምንጮች እንደገለጹት ድርጊቱ የተፈጸመው ንብረትነቱ የቱርክ የሆነና በጥጥ ማምረት ስራ ላይ የተሰማራውን የቶረን የእርሻ ኩባንያ ገንዘብ ጭኖ በመጓዝ ላይ ባለ መኪና ላይ ነው። የኩባንያው ሃላፊዎች ከፍተኛ ቁጥር ያለው የአሜሪካ ዶላርና ብር ይዘው በ7 የልዩ ሃይል ፖሊስ አባላት ታጅበው ወደ ወንዶ ጎጊ ወረዳ በሚጓዝበት ወቅት፣ አንደኛው ወታደር ለመጸዳዳት በሚል መንገድ ላይ ከወረደ በሁዋላ፣ ጥይቱን አቀባብሎ በመመለስ 6ቱን ጓደኞቹን አቁስሎ ገንዘቡን ይዞ ተሰውሯል። ቆስለው በመቱ ሆስፒታል ከተኙት ወታደሮች መካከል አንደኛው ዛሬ ህይወቱ አልፏል። ድርጊቱን የፈጸመው ወታደር አለመያዙን ምንጮች ገልጸዋል። ኩባንያው እኤአ በ2011 በጋምቤላ ክልል የጥጥ ምርት ለማምረት 12 ሺ ሄክታር መሬት ተረክቦ ስራ በመስራት ላይ ነው።


በጋሞጎፋ ዞን ከብሄር ግጭት ጋር በተያያዘ ከ100 በላይ ሰዎች ታሰሩ

ሐምሌ ፳፩ (ሃያ አንድ) ቀን ፳፻፯ ዓ/ም ኢሳት ዜና :- የአካባቢው ወኪላችን እንደገለጸው ከሁለት ሳምንት በፊት በአርባምንጭ ከተማ ሊደረግ የታቀደው የተቃውሞ ሰልፍ በገዢው ሃይል የጸጥታ አባላት እንዲበተን ከተደረገ በሁዋላ፣ ከ120 በላይ ሰዎች ተይዘው በአርባምንጭ እስር ቤት ታስረዋል።
አንድ የገዢው ፓርቲ ደጋፊ የሆነ ሰው የጋሞን ብሄረሰብ ታሪክ አንቋሾ መጽሄት አሳትሟል በሚል የተጀመረው ተቃውሞ እየጨመረ መሄዱን ተከትሎ፣ የጸጥታ ሃይሎች ተቃውሞ ሊያሰሙ ይችላሉ የሚሉዋቸውን እዬያዙ በማሰር ላይ ናቸው። መጽሄቱ መታተሙን ተከትሎ የአካባቢው ባለስልጣናት ከሁለት የተከፈሉ ሲሆን፣ አንደኛው ወገን፣ መጽሄቱን በማሳተም በኩል ድጋፍ የሰጡ ባለስልጣናት በህግ ይጠየቁ የሚል አቋም ይዟል።
ሰሞኑን ከታሰሩት መካከል የሃይማኖት አባቶችና ታዋቂ የአካባቢው ሽማግሌዎች ይገኙበታል።

Ethiopia and kenya secret plan to subvert somalia

The transparency website WikiLeaks late on Tuesday disclosed a secret plan to annex and divide Somalia between Kenya and Ethiopia.
“Somalia has become a fertile ground for the interest of a lot of countries,” the cable that originated from the Saudi Embassy in Djibouti outlines. “At the current moment in time, there are a number of countries in Somalia, some of whom have noticeable pull.”
According to the documents leaked by WikiLeaks,  Somalia will be split into “four regions”—two that will belong to Ethiopia, two that will belong to Kenya. The division will make both countries extend their territories by roughly 300,000sq km and additional populations of about five million.
Ethiopia and Kenya have mobilized thousands of their troops into Somalia as part of the U.N.-mandated African Union forces AMISOM to support the Somali government in its fight against the armed group, al-Shabab.However, WikiLeaks has it that the two countries pursue a much more ambitious agenda than it is officially stated. It further suggest that Kenya is said to have trained young men from the areas around Kismayo to help them win allies. The document states that Italy stands with Kenya and Ethiopia on this.
According to the cables, the Saudi Ambassador in Djibouti didn’t hide his annoyance regarding what was going on between the Prime Minister Abdi-Weli Muhammed and the regional President Abdul-Rahman Muhammed Faroole and Ambassador Augustine Mahiga, the UN’s man in Somalia. The Ambassador described Augustine as being the merchant of the Somali conflict, who was aiming to institute power-sharing in the incoming government by dissolving the current parliament and calling for a re-election of 225 members who would be chosen (so as) to ensure that the AbdiWeli is elected President and Faroole as a Prime Minister, says the undated memo.
Neither Ethiopia nor Kenya have reacted to the Wikileaks cable on the alleged project to swallow Somalia.
Somalia has been without an effective central government since warlords toppled dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991 and then turned on one another, carving much of the country into armed camps ruled by violence and clan law. The government, which includes warlords linked to the violence of the past, was established with the support of the United Nations to help Somalia emerge from anarchy. But the body wields no real power and it has no military.
WikiLeaks’ memo provides a glimpse at how far Saudi Arabia will go to ensure Somalia adheres to positions in line with the Kingdom. A Somalia delegate is scolded for not voting on a resolution on the humanitarian situation in Syria like Saudi Arabia had wanted. The 61,000 Saudi cables, the first tranche of 500,000 promised by Julian Assange, the WikiLeaks founder, also show the Saudi’s sharp focus on its strategic rival Iran and the revolution in Egypt, and support for allies and clients in Lebanon, Iraq, Yemen and elsewhere in the Middle East.

Monday, July 27, 2015

Ethiopia's main opposition party boycotts reception dinner for President Obama to protest Obama's endorsement of the ruling party's 100% election win

Yilkal Getinet, leader of Semayawi, the main opposition party in Ethiopia, has announced today that he will not attend a reception party that is hosted at the National Palace in honor of President Barack Obama after he heard the president claiming that Ethiopia's government that has won 100% of the votes in the recent election is "democratically elected."

President Obama's claim has angered Ethiopian opposition parties, independent journalists, and human rights groups.

Human rights organizations and democracy advocates world-wide have condemned the May 2015 fraudulent elections in Ethiopia, and Obama's endorsement of the Ethiopian regime as "democratically elected" is a big blow to the struggle for democracy in Africa, according to observers.

Source :

Lawsuit Points to Hacking by Ethiopia as Obama Makes Visit

By JACK GILLUM Associated Press Jul 27, 2015, 3:33 AM
WASHINGTON — As President Barack Obama faces pressure to discuss human rights in his first official visit to Ethiopia, a unique lawsuit back home is challenging whether the African country can spy on an American by turning his computer into a giant recording device.

The federal case alleges Ethiopian government agents gobbled up months of a Maryland man's Skype calls and his family's Internet activities. But the man, born in Ethiopia and now a U.S. citizen, isn't wanted for a crime. Instead, he helps out a political opposition group outlawed in his home country.

The alleged intrusion was investigated after the software left behind bread crumbs, underscoring a larger pattern: The use of commercial hacking software by foreign governments, sometimes with poor human-rights records, to electronically snoop on their adversaries.

White House press secretary Josh Earnest said last week that the U.S. "regularly conveyed to Ethiopia's leadership our concerns in such areas as press freedom, transparency, space for civil society and the political opposition."

Human Rights Watch and other organizations urged Obama, who arrived in Ethiopia on Sunday after visiting Kenya, to put the "pressing human rights concerns" in visits to Ethiopia and Kenya "at the forefront of your discussions."

Ethiopia has sought hacking software from at least two separate companies, court records and emails show. The legality of such technology in other countries — and a U.S. federal judge's pending decision on whether the Maryland man's can proceed — could raise foreign-policy implications for governments worldwide.

The Obama administration has had to deal with other countries hacking into American computers and compromising private data. The Justice Department last year charged five Chinese military hackers for breaching major corporations' systems and siphoning off business secrets.

Lawyers for the Maryland plaintiff, who goes by Kidane in court documents to protect him from retaliation, say software called FinSpy made secret audio recordings of his Skype calls, copied portions of his emails and logged Web searches done by his middle-school-age son for school.

"Just because governments around the world engage in spying doesn't make it legal," said Nate Cardozo, a staff attorney with the San Francisco-based Electronic Frontier Foundation, which is representing Kidane. "And when spies get caught, there are consequences."

A federal judge in Washington asked the U.S. government this month if it wanted to weigh in on the case. Ethiopia wants the lawsuit dismissed, saying governments have immunity when conducting such activities. The EFF says the case is important for showing warrantless wiretapping is illegal and can be the basis of a U.S. lawsuit, regardless of who engages in it.

Offensive hacking software is used by investigators to gather evidence for criminal prosecutions or, at times, spy on foreign adversaries. The FBI in 2007, for instance, sent a bogus Associated Press story to a 15-year-old suspect in Washington state who was accused of making bomb threats; the story contained secret software that helped reveal his location.

Human rights and free press advocates have bristled in letting oppressive governments gain access to that technology. The nonprofit Freedom House ranks Ethiopia as being one of the worst countries for press freedoms, and said the country's 2009 anti-terrorism law has been used extensively against reporters.

A lawyer for the Ethiopian government referred the AP's questions about the case to the Ethiopian Embassy in Washington. An embassy representative said last week that he had no further information and declined to provide names or telephone numbers for those inside the government who might.

Had FinSpy worked quietly behind the scenes as intended, Kidane may have never been to court. But when forensics experts examined Kidane's computer, they uncovered left-behind fragments of data and instructions for the eavesdropping program to connect to an Ethiopian computer server.

After an opposition leader was sent into exile, the once-apolitical Kidane got involved in a pro-democracy group called Ginbot 7 by providing technical and administrative support. Ethiopia calls the group a terrorist organization, but Human Rights Watch says the country uses draconian laws to repress opposition activists and critics.

That is how Kidane believes his computer was commandeered — by mistake. Someone else was the original target of the email virus but forwarded it to Kidane and infected his own computer. Yet Ethiopian officials decided to activate a software license to continue monitoring his activities anyway.

Gamma Group, the company that made the FinSpy software before spinning it off into a separate company called FinFisher, has said it sold only to governments. Hackers in 2014 said they hacked Gamma and circulated its files, showing it also sold to nongovernments.

In 2013, researchers from Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto's Munk School of Global Affairs discovered that 25 countries host servers for FinSpy, which can dodge anti-virus protections to steal data, log keystrokes, eavesdrop on Skype calls and turn microphones and webcams into surveillance devices.

At the time, the group Reporters Without Borders named Gamma one of its five "corporate enemies of the Internet." Neither Gamma nor its spinoff responded to several emails from the AP seeking comment since Thursday.

Ethiopia also paid Italian firm Hacking Team for similar software against unspecified targets, and executives there wanted to charge the country at least $330,000 for their services, according to leaked emails posted online earlier this month.

Earlier this year, Citizen Lab also said that hackers who attacked a U.S. employee of Ethiopian Satellite Television two years ago recently launched a new round of attacks using upgraded espionage software. Ethiopian officials previously denied such claims.

Shortly after the report, some inside the company became nervous. "Their reckless and clumsy usage of our solution caused us enough damage," wrote Daniele Milan, Hacking Team's operations manager.

But the relationship continued, further emails show, amid one proposal that would have limited their contract to a year for "evaluating their behavior." Those emails were among more than 1 million leaked in early July, revealing Hacking Team worked with authoritarian governments in the Middle East and pitched their software to U.S. police departments.

A spokesman for Hacking Team confirmed in a statement the company sold software to that country as well as Sudan, Russia, South Korea and others. The company said those sales were "strictly within the law and regulation as it applied at the time any sale was made."


Associated Press writer Raphael Satter in London contributed to this report.


Sunday, July 26, 2015

ሐሳብን ከመግለጽ ነጻነት ጋር በተያያዘ በኢትዮጵያ እስር ቤቶች ከሚገኙ ጋዜጠኞችና ጦማርያን የተወሰኑት


* ሁሉም የታሰሩለት አላማ እስኪፈታ ድምጻችንን እናሰማለን
1. እስክንድር ነጋ (በህገ ወጥ መንገድ በሞያው እንዳይሰራ የታገደ በኋላም በግንቦት ሰባት አባልነትና የአረቡን አለም አይነት አብዩት በኢትዩጵያ እንዲፈጠር ታደራጃለህ ተብሎ 18 ዓመት የተፈረደበት ሐሳብን የመግለጽ ነጻነት ተሟጋች)
2. ውብሸት ታዬ (የቀድሞዋ አውራምባ ታይምስ ምክትል ዋና አዘጋጅ ‹‹ህዝቡ የት ገባ››በማለት በመጠየቁ 14 ዓመት የፈረደበት)
3. ተመስገን ደሳለኝ (ስርዓቱ በህትመት ውጤቶቹ ላይ የሚወስድበትን አፈና በዘዴ በመቋቋም ትውልዱን ‹‹የፈራ ይመለስ ››በማለት በማጠየቁ ሶስት ዓመት ተፈርዶበት ለወህኒ የተዳረገ ደፋር ጋዜጠኛ)
4. የሱፍ ጌታቸው(በሙስሊም ኢትዮጵያዊያን ልብ ልዩ ስፍራ በሚሰጣት የሙስሊሞች ጉዳይ መጽሔት በዋና አዘጋጅነት በመስራቱ የተከሰሰ)
5.ሰለሞን ከበደ(የሙስሊሞች ጉዳይ መጽሔት ማኔጂንግ ኤዲተር ያልተነገረለት ምርጥ ጋዜጠኛ)
6.እስማኤል ዳውድ (በሚልዩኖች ድምጽ ጋዜጣ ያቀርባቸው በነበሩ ጽሁፎች ተስፋን ፈንጥቆ የነበረ ብዕረኛ)
6. ሃብታሙ ምናለ(ከአንድ እትም በላይ እድሜ እንዳይኖራት በተደረገችው ቀዳሚ ገጽና በሚልዩኖች ድምጽ ይሰራ የነበረ ስርዓቱ ኦባማ ላይ የሽብር ጥቃት ለማድረስ ከአልሻባብ ጋር ተማክረሃል በማለት አስሮታል)
7. በፍቃዱ ኃይሉ የዞን ዘጠኝ አባል ፣የዕንቁ መጽሔት ኤዲተር እንዲሁም የመጽሐፍ ደራሲ
8. አቤል ዋበላ የዞን ዘጠኝ አባል
9. አጥናፍ ብርሃኔ — የዞን ዘጠኝ አባል
10. ናትናኤል ፈለቀ –የዞን ዘጠኝ አባል
11.አብርሃ ደስታ — በማህበራዊ ድረ ገጾች በዋናነት ህወሓት በትግራይ ህዝብ ላይ የሚያደርሰውን በደል ያጋልጥ የነበረ

‪#‎Free‬ all Prisoners of Conscience

Saturday, July 25, 2015

ጋዜጠኛ የሱፍ ጌታቸው ፍርድ ቤት በቀረበበት ወቅት የደረሰበትን አሰቃቂ ድርጊት

ሐምሌ 2 /2004 ለሊት ሰባት ሰዓት ማዕከላዊ የደረሰው ጋዜጠኛ የሱፍ ጌታቸው ፍርድ ቤት በቀረበበት ወቅት የደረሰበትን አሰቃቂ ድርጊት አስረድቷል፡፡ በዚህ የተበሳጩት የማዕከላዊ ቢሮ ቁጥር 49 መርማሪዎች ኢንስፔክተር አለማየሁ፣ዘመድኩንና ጸጋዬ የተባሉ የሱፍን ከፍርድ ቤት መልስ ቢሯቸው ድረስ በማስመጣት ‹‹ፍርድ ቤት ሄደህ መጥሪያ ይዘህልን መጣህ አሉ ባክህ?›› ‹‹የደረሰብኝን ከመናገር ውጪ ምን አጠፋሁ?›› ባገኙት ነገር ሁሉ ወረዱበት ጾሙን ለመፍታት እየተዘጋጀ የነበረው የሱፍ ዱላውን መቋቋም ተስኖት ተዝለፍልፎ ወደቀ ፡፡
መርማሪዎቹ ቂም ቋጥረው በየቀኑ ከባድ ስፖርቶችን በማሰራት ይደበድቡት ነበር፡፡በመጨረሻም ባላነበበውና ቃሉን ባልተቀበሉት ሁኔታ መርማሪዎቹ ባዘጋጁለት የቃል መቀበያ ወረቀት ላይ እንዲፈርም አደረጉት፡፡
ኢንስፔክተር አለማየሁ –ሱሪህን አውልቅ አለኝ
የሱፍ — አላወልቅም አልኩት፡፡
መርማሪው– ለምን ?
የሱፍ — እኔ ወንድ ነኝ የወንድን ገላም ለማየት
አልናፍቅም፡፡ከፈለግክ አንተ መጥተህ አውልቀው አልኩት፡፡
እናም መሬት ላይ አስተኝተው ደበደቡኝ ።

Source:: Zehabesha

ወያኔ የሻእቢያ ተቃዋሚ የሆኑ ፓርቲዎችን በአዲስ አበባ ደሳለኝ ሆቴል ሊሰበስብ ነው:: – በወያኔ እና በአልሸባብ መካከል ተጋግሎ የቀጠለው ጦርነት የኦባማና ባለስልጣኖቻቸውን አትኩሮት ለመሳብ ነው

July 25, 2015 – ምኒሊክ ሳልሳዊ
ወያኔ የሻእቢያ ተቃዋሚ የሆኑ ፓርቲዎችን በአዲስ አበባ ደሳለኝ ሆቴል ሊሰበስብ ነው::-በወያኔ እና በአልሸባብ መካከል ተጋግሎ የቀጠለው ጦርነት የኦባማና ባለስልጣኖቻቸውን አትኩሮት ለመሳብ ነው::Minilik Salsawi (ምንሊክ ሳልሳዊ)​-የወያኔው ጉጅሌ አገዛዝ የሻእቢያ ተቃዋሚ የሆኑ የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶችን በማስታጠቅ እና በማደራጀት ዙሪያ በደሳለኝ ሆቴል ሊሰበስባቸው መሆኑ ተሰምቷል::በመጭው ሳምንት የሚሰበሰቡ እና በስብሰባው ተሳታፊ እንዲሆኑ ጥሪው የቀረበላቸው የኤርትራ የፖለቲካ ድርጅቶች:-

1 Eritrean People Congress,
2 Democratic Front for Eritrea Unity,
3 Eritrea Liberation Front,
4 Eritrea Democratic Party,
5 Eritrean Democratic Movement ,
6 Eritrean Nahda Party,
7 Eritrean Islamic Party for Development & Justice,
8 Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization,
9 Eritrean Islamic Congress”……….ናቸው:: እነዚህ ድርጅቶችን ወያኔ በራሱ ሰው ሃይል አዋቅሮ በማስታጠቅ እና በማደራጀት ፊት ለፊት አስቀድሞ የሻእቢያን መንግስት የመገርሰስ ሕልሙን የሚያሳካበት ስብሰባ መሆኑ ተጠቁሟል::ሻእቢያ በኤርትራ ምድር ላይ የወያኔን መንግስት ልመጣል የሚታገሉ ድርጅቶችን በማደራጀት እና በማስታጠቅ እየረዳ እንደሚገኝ ይታወቃል::ወያኔ እንዲሁ በተመሳሳይ መልኩ ከዚህ ቀደም ሲረዳቸው የነበሩ ድርጅቶችን አሁን በመሳሪያ ለማስታጠቅ እንዳሰብ ታውቋል::ባለፈው ወር በጎንደር ተሰብስበው የነበሩ ድርጅቶች እርስ በርስ አለመግባባት እንደታየባቸው ሲነገር ሰንብቷል::

ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ በምስራቅ ኢትዮጵያ የኦባማ መምጣት ከተሰማ በኋላ በወያኔ እና አልሸባብ ሰራዊቶች መካከል ጦርነቱ ታጋግሎ መቀጠሉ የኦባማ እና የባለስልጣኖቻቸውን አትኩሮት ለመሳብ እና ሽብርን እየተዋጋን ነው በሚል የማጭበርበሪያ ስልት መሆኑ ታውቋል::በወያኔ ትንኮሳ የተነሳው ጦርነት እስካሁን ያልበረደ ሲሆን የውስጥ ጉዳዮችን እና ውጥረቶችን በመሸፋፈን ሽብርን እየተዋጋሁ ነው በሚል ሰበብ ከአሜሪካ ከፍተኛ ድጋፍን እና የገንዘብ እርዳታን ለማግኘት የሚደረግ መራወጥ መሆኑ ተጠቁሟል::ይህ የኦባማን እና የባለስልጣኖቻቸውን አትኩሮት ለመሳብ የተጀመረው ጦርነት ከኦባማ ጉብኝት በኋላ እንደሚቆም ምንጮቹ ገልጸዋል::ጦርነቱ ምንም የማይፈይድ እና ወታደሮችን ከመገበር ውጪ አዋጪ ያልሆነ የባለስልጣናት ኪስ በአሜሪካ ዶላሮች የሞሞላ መሆኑ ታዛቢዎች ይናገራሉ::#ምንሊክሳልሳዊ

Friday, July 24, 2015

”ጋዜጠኛ ተመስገን ደሳለኝ አንዱ ጆሮው ፈፅሞ አይሰራም ሆኖም አሳሪዎቹ ወደሀኪም ቤት ሊወስዱት ፈቃደኛ አይደሉም” ፕሮፌሰር መስፍን ወ/ማርያም ትናንት ወደ ዝዋይ እስር ቤት ሄደው ከጠየቁት በኃላ የፃፉት ልብ የሚነካ ፅሁፍ

በእስር የሚማቅቀው ጋዜጠኛ ተመስገን ከሚንከባከባቸው ሕፃናት ጋር
ከእዚህ በታች ያለው ፅሁፍ ፕሮፌሰር መስፍን ወልደማርያም የዝዋይ እስር ቤትን በእዚህ ሳምንት ከጎበኙ በኃላ የፃፉት ፅሁፍ ነው።
ዝዋይ እስር ቤት
ፕሮፌሰር መስፍን ወልደ ማርያም
ሐምሌ 17/2007
ሐምሌ 16/2007 ዓ.ም. ለአሥር ወራት በእስር ላይ የቆየውን ጋዜጠኛ፣ ተመስገን ደሳለኝን (ከኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ጋር ዝምድና የለውም፤) ለመጠየቅ ወደዝዋይ ወህኔ ቤት ሄጄ ነበር፤ የወሕኒ ቤቱ ባለቤቶች ማረሚያ ቤት ይሉታል፤ ማረሚያ ቤት ማለት ሀሳቡን በነጻነት የሚገልጽና በሀሳቡም ከወያኔ ጋር በሎሌነት ለመተዳደር የማያመች ሲሆን የቀናውን በጉልበት የሚያጎብጡበት ማለታቸው ነው፤ ማረም ማለት ቀጥታውን ማጉበጥ ነው፤ እንዴት እንደሚያጎብጡት ላሳያችሁ፤–
1. የኛን እንተወውና በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ውሳኔ እስረኞች ሰዎች በመሆናቸው ሰብአዊ ደኅንነታቸውና ክብራቸው ሁልጊዜም እንዲጠበቅላቸው ያስፈልጋል፡፡
2. የኛን እንተወውና በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ውሳኔ እስረኞች ሁሉ ከመሰቃየትና ከመጉላላት በጸዳ አያያዝ እንዲጠበቁ ይደነግጋል፤
3. የኛን እንተወውና በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ውሳኔ አንድ እስረኛ ዘመዶቹና ወዳጆቹ ከሚኖሩበት በጣም ርቆ አይታሰርም፤
4. የኛን እንተወውና በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ውሳኔ የታመመ እስረኛ ሙሉ ህክምናና አስፈላጊውን መድኃኒት ሁሉ ማግኘት አለበት፤
5. የኛን እንተወውና በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ውሳኔ እስረኞች በአእምሮና በመንፈስ የሚያድጉበት ትምህርትን የማግኘት፣ መጻሕፍትን የማግኘት መብቶች አሏቸው፤
6. የኛን እንተወውና በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ውሳኔ ማንኛውም እስረኛ በእምነቱ መሠረት አምልኮቱን የመፈጸምና የሃይማኖቱን መጻሕፍት የማንበብ መብት አለው፤
7. የኛን እንተወውና በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ውሳኔ ማንኛውም እስረኛ ዘመዶቹና ወዳጆቹ እንዲጎበኙት መብት አለው፤
8. እስረኞች የእስር ጊዜያቸውን ጨርሰው ከወህኒ ቤት ሲወጡ ትክክለኛ የማኅበረሰቡ አባሎች ሆነው እየሠሩ ለማኅበረሰቡ እድገት ድርሻቸውን እንዲያበረክቱ ማሰናዳት ያስፈልጋል፤
በዝዋይ እንዳየነውና እንደተነገርነው የእስረኞች ሁኔታ በጣም የሚያሳዝንና ከላይ የተዘረዘሩትን የሰብአዊ መብቶች የሚጥስ ነው፤ ጤንነት ዋና ነገር ነውና በሱ እንጀምር፤ ተመስገን ደሳለኝ ወንጀል የተባለበት የፖሊቲካም ሆነ የማኅበረሰብ እምነቱን እያፍረጠረጠ በመጻፉ ነው፤ (በ1992 ለዩኒቨርሲቲ ተማሪዎች ባደረግሁት ንግግር ‹‹አትፍሩ›› ብለሃል ተብዬ ተከስሼ ነበር!) እንዲያውም ክሱን አስቂኝ የሚያደርገው መንግሥትን ነቅፈሃል የሚል መሆኑ ነው፤ ሦስት ዓመት እስራት ተፈረደበት፤ ይግባኝ ተከለከለ፤ አሁን ከታሰረ አሥር ወራት ሆኑት፤ ተመስገን በጣም ከታመመ ጥቂት ቆየ፤ አንደኛ አንዱ ጆሮው በጭራሽ አይሰማም፤ ሁለተኛ ከባድ የወገብ ሕመም ስላለበት መተኛትና መቀጥም በጭንቅ ሆኖበታል፤ ሆኖም አሳሪዎቹ ወደሀኪም ቤት ሊወስዱት ፈቃደኛ አይደሉም፤ ከዚያም በላይ መድኃኒት ከውጭ ሲመጣለት ይከለክላሉ፤ እኔም የወገብ ሕመም ስላለብኝ የወገብ ሕመሙን የሚያቀልለትን መድኃኒት ወስጄለት ነበር፤ አንድ አሥር አለቃ መድኃኒቱን አየና ከለከለ፤ መልሼ ይዤው መጣሁ፤ እንዲህ ያለውን ውሳኔ የሚያደርጉ ሁሉ ወያኔዎች ናቸው፡፡
ከተመስገን ጋር ትንሽ ጊዜ ቆይተን በዚያው በዝዋይ የታሰሩ ሌሎች ጋዜጠኞችን ለመጠየቅ መጀመሪያ ተፈቅዶልን ስለነበረ ወደዚያ ስናመራ አንድ ሹም መሳይ መጥቶ ወታደሮቹን ለብቻ ለብቻ በስም እየጠራ በመንሾካሾክ ትእዛዝ ይሰጣል፤ እየተንሾካሾከ ለአንዱ ትእዛዝ ሰጥቶ ሌሎቹን እንዳናይ ከለከለንና ተመለስን፤ ምክንያቱን ብንጠይቅ በአንድ ጊዜ መጠየቅ የሚቻለው አንድ እስረኛ ብቻ ነው ተባልን፤ ቅን መንፈስ ለጎደለውና ለሙስና ለተጋለጠ አሠራር ጥሩ ምሳሌ ነው፤ በመንሾካሾክ የሚሰጠውም ትእዛዝ ዓላማው ያው ይመስላል፤ ወያኔ በሰዎች ላይ እንዲህ ያለ ጭካኔ ማሳየት የሚፈልገው ለምንድን ነው?
በዝዋይ እስር ቤት ትምህርትም እንደመድኃኒት የተጠላ ነገር ነው፤ ለተመስገንም ሆነ ለሌሎች መጻሕፍት አይገቡላቸውም፤ ለምን? ብዬ ስጠይቅ አንዱ ጠባቂ ‹‹ለእውቀት የሚሆን መጽሐፍ ይገባል፤›› አለኝ፤ የእውቀትን ፍቺ ለመጠየቅ ስሞክር ቶሎ ግራ መጋባቱን አየሁና ተውሁት፤ እሱም እንዳያውቅ ስለሚፈልጉ፣ አለቆቹ የእውቀትን ፍቺ ጠበብና ቀለል አድርገው አስተምረውታል፤ ሎሌ ትእዛዝን በሹክሹክታ እየተቀበለ ማስፈጸም እንጂ፣ እውቀት አያስፈልገውም፤ እዚህ ላይ ምናልባት በደርግ ጊዜ በእስር ቤቶች የነበረውን የትምህርት መስፋፋት ማንሣት ይጠቅም ይሆናል፤ በደርግ ዘመን ብዙ የተማሩ ሰዎች ታስረው ስለነበረ እረስበርሳቸው እየተማማሩ አንዳንድ ሰዎች ጀርመንኛና ፈረንሳይና ቋንቋዎች፣ ግእዝና ታሪክ እየተማሩ ወጥተዋል፤ በተለይ በሁለተኛ ደረጃ መልቀቂያ ፈተና ወህኒ ቤቶች አንደኛ ሲወጡ እንደነበረ አስታውሳለሁ፤ ዛሬ በወህኒ ቤቶች ትምህርት ክልክል ነው፤ በቃሊቲ ሁለት የትምህርት ሙከራዎች ከሽፈውብናል፤ አንድ ጊዜ ኦሮምኛ ለመማር የፈለግን ሰዎች ተሰባስበን ተከልክለናል፤ ሕግ ለመማርም ጀምረን ታግደናል፤ እንዲሁም ጂምናስቲክ በቡድን መሥራት ክልክል ነበር፤ ማናቸውም እውቀት አደገኛ ነው! ታዲያ ማረሚያ ቤት የሚሉት ማንን ለማታለል ነው? ማረሚያ ቤት እንዲሆን በመጀመሪያ አሳሪዎቹ መታረም አለባቸው!
እንደተመስገን ደሳለኝ፣ እንደአብርሃ ደስታ፣ እንደእስክንድር ነጋ፣ ከዞን ዘጠኝም በፈቃዱ ኃይሉ፣ ናትናኤል ፈለቀ፣ አቤል ወበላ፣ አጥናፉ ብርሃኔ ገና አልተለቀቁም፤ በተጨማሪም ከእስልምና በኩል የመፍትሔ አፈላላጊ ኮሚቴ አባሎች ዛሬም እንደታሰሩ ነው፤ የመፍትሔ አፈላላጊዎችን ማሰር ነገሩም ግራ ነው፡፡
በመጨረሻም መነሣት ያለበት አንድ አደገኛ አዝማሚያ አለ፤ ፖሊስ የሚባለው ፍርድ ቤት ከሚባለው ጋር ያለው ግንኙነት ሕግ የሚባለውን ከጨዋታ ውጭ አድርጎታል፤ ፍርድ ቤት የሚባለው እስረኛ እንዲፈታ ፖሊስ የሚባለውን ሲያዝ እንደማይፈጸም በተደጋጋሚ ታየ፤ ይህ የመጨረሻው የውድቀት ምልክትይመስለኛል፤ቆም ብሎ ማሰብና አስፈላጊውን የለውጥ እርምጃ መውሰድ የሚያስፈልገው አሁን ነው፡፡

Source:: gudayachn