Tuesday, June 30, 2015

The Banana Republic By Alemayehu G Mariam

By Alemayehu G Mariam

Author’s note: As I was archiving my commentaries from years past for public access on my website (almariam.com), I discovered commentaries and articles I had written on the print edition of Ethiopian Review Magazine (ERM) before that magazine went online in 2000.
I had vague recollection of various articles on Ethiopia and the politics of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) I had written for ERM as its senior editor in the 1990s.  But I had no recollection of their content. ERM was in print publication from January 1991 to 2000 when it began delivering content online. I do not have all of the print issues of ERM for the nine year period.  Luckily, with the help of attentive friends, we were able to track down a few of those articles recently; and we expect to find many more.  
I offer the foreword above for a reason. I had often informed my readers that I had little interest or involvement in Ethiopian politics or affairs until the Meles Massacres in 2005. As the world remembers, that year several hundred unarmed Ethiopian demonstrators were shot and killed or wounded with the knowledge, direction and authority of the late Meles Zenawi.
I want to correct the record now and apologize to my readers for suggesting that I was involved in Ethiopian affairs only after 2006.
I have now determined that I have indeed been involved in the debate over Ethiopia’s destiny barely two months after the TPLF thugs took power.
As my commentaries from 1991-92 show, I was present when the TPLF serpent was just breaking out of its shell in 1991. Almost 25 years ago, I predicted the TPLF would become a vampire-state like no other seen in Ethiopia.
In 2015, my predictions have came to pass. In 2015, Ethiopia has a vampire banana republic; or as  George Ayitgtey would say, “a state that sucks the economic vitality out of [its]people.”
Mea culpa! (my fault) for not remembering.
There is, I believe, a gap between 2000-2005 in my commentaries on Ethiopia, but I cannot be sure.
I am sure that whatever articles and commentaries I have written before 2006 will be made available to my readers in the Archives section of my website.
I will share all of my writings on Ethiopia in the 1990s and even in the 1980s to the extent we will be able to track them down from a variety of sources.
I cannot explain how or why I forgot so many pieces of writings I have done on Ethiopia from the 1990s or perhaps even the first half of the first decade of the millennium.
It is true that I have written hundreds of fully litigated legal briefs, motions and writs in state and federal courts during that period. That experience could make anyone forget a lot of things.
Perhaps it could it be one of the perils of writing and reading“too much”?
It could be said that I suffer from an “affliction” known as furor scribendi (Latin for “rage for writing”). It is an “affliction” I developed as a teenager writing occasional pieces for some of the popular monthly magazine in Addis Ababa in the late 1960s.
I think what Gustave Flaubert (author of “Madame Bovary”) said better  explains my situation: “The art of writing is the art of discovering what you believe.”
In every Monday commentary I write, I discover what I believe and do not. In so doing, I “forget” what I had written before because I am set to discover what I believe and do not the following Monday and on and on.
Perhaps Omar Khayyám’s, the great Persian poet and philosopher, verse best explains my “memory” loss about things I have written in the past:
The Moving Finger writes; and, having writ,
Moves on: nor all thy Piety nor Wit
Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line,
Nor all thy Tears wash out a Word of it.
Having writ, I moved on! Having writ, I forgot! I do not regret a word of what I wrote!
However, I do regret and apologize to my critics who delighted in saying I am a johnny-come-lately to the debate and discussion over Ethiopia’s problems and destiny.
I ask them now to enjoy some of my commentaries from the very early days of the TPLF seizing power. They will find out that I was as principled in my criticisms of the TPLF two months after they seized power in July 1991 as I am today in July 2015.
I have been on the TPLF’s case for 24 years (I didn’t even know it).
I have nothing personal against any one of the TPLF leaders or their minion.
There is no question I oppose their unjust policies and criminal practices which divide the Ethiopian people by ethnicity, religion, language, region and gender.
Now that Ethiopia has become a bona fide vampire “banana republic” under the auspices of the U.S. State Department with the TPLF dictatorship winning 100 percent of the seats in “parliament” and in the regional “legislatures”,  I thought my readers would find my commentary from 24 years ago interesting and principled, if not somewhat forebodingly prophetic.
In July 1991, I sensed a gathering cloud of fear and loathing in Ethiopia.
In July 1991, I foresaw Ethiopia’s choice to be “clear” if the TPLF insisted on staying in power by force of arms: “a farewell to arms or a farewell to Ethiopia.”
In 2015, I believe the ONLY choice is a farewell to the TPLF!
In 1991, the gathering cloud of fear and loathing foreshadowed a Noahic flood.
In 2015, the gathering cloud of fear and loathing foreshadow no flood; Heaven forbid no blood.
But I MUST tell the people, “God gave Noah the rainbow sign, No more water, the fire next time!”
The original commentary reposted below appeared in the July 1991 issue of Ethiopian Review Magazine and is available HERE.
A word or two about the TPLF’s vampiric Banana Republic of Ethiopia
There are kangaroo (monkey) courts.
There are also kangaroo (monkey) elektions.
On May 24, 2015, Ethiopia held a kangaroo (monkey) elektion.
On June 22, TPLF spokesman Shimeles Kemal said his TPLF party won its monkey elektion by 100 percent because of its success in spurring the Ethiopian economy.
Kemal did not say, “Ethiopia’s economy has grown by double-digits for the past decades.”
The reason is simple. I proved beyond a shadow of doubt that the TPLF claim of double-digit growth is a lie, damned lie and a statislie (statiscial lie).
Kemal said, “Voters have credited the ruling party for the economic progress it introduced in the country. They want the continuation of this policy. In view of the weak, fragmented opposition and the lack of viable alternative, it was very likely that the ruling party would win in a landslide.”
Economic progress or economic window dress?
To me, a declaration that the TPLF won the elektion by 100 percent is not a report of final elektion result, it is the final, ultimate insult.
A 100 percent election result is not merely an insult to democracy.
A 100 percent election result is an insult to our intelligence by a bunch of riffraff ignorant thugs!
Elektion“trash that deserves to be thrown in the garbage”
What do I think of the May 2015 TPLF elektion?
I think of the May 2015 TPLF elektion in the same way Meles Zenawi thought about the European Union Election Observer Mission (EUEOM) election report in 2010.
Meles described the EUEOM election Report as “useless trash that deserves to be thrown in the garbage”.
Well, I say the TPLF’s May 24, 2015 elektion is a heap of useless trash that deserves to be thrown, along with the TPLF, into the garbage bin of history.
In July 2007, Meles Zenawi said, “The Ethiopian government isn’t willing and is unable to be run like a banana republic from Capitol Hill.”
In 2015, Meles’ prophetic words have actually come to pass.
Ethiopia has become vampire “banana republic” run NOT from Capitol Hill but from the U.S. State Department.
In April of this year, U.S. Under Secretary of State and the chief U.S. negotiator in the Iran nuclear arms talk, showed up in Addis Ababa and declared out of the blue, “Ethiopia is a young democracy” and that the TPLF’s May 24, 2015 elektion will be “free, fair and credible”.
Sherman’s TPLF toadies did not disappoint.
Last week, the TPLF declared it had won all 546 parliamentary seats and all 1,984 of the seats in the regional “legislatures”.
In May 2014, I predicted the TPLF would win the May 2015 elektion by 100 percent.
I was right on the money! I am not bragging; just sayin’!
I must confess I and my colleagues got a few nice laughs out of the TPLF’s kangaroo (monkey) elektion victory.
The jokes were rolling, some of them admittedly off color; they can’t be repeated in polite company.
What’s the difference between a democracy and a thugmocracy? In a democracy your vote counts. In a thugmocracy, your votes are counted by thugs.
What do I really think of the TPLF’s May 2015 elektion?
I think of what President John F. Kennedy once said about the inevitability of change. “Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable.”
Kennedy understood his country’s history well. The English colonial government made peaceful change impossible in the American colonies leading to the American Revolution in 1776, an event memorialized in the American Declaration of Independence and celebrated annually on July 4.
In just 4 days, we celebrate American Independence. I look forward to the day when all Ethiopians celebrate their independence form the TPLF!
How time flies? From 1991 to 2015!
“Time flies over us, but leaves its shadow behind,” wrote Nathaniel Hawthorne (author of “The Scarlet Letter”), the 19th century American novelist.
What a dark and gloomy shadow of fear and loathing the TPLF has cast on Ethiopia over the past quarter century!
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Ethiopia: Beyond Fear and Loathing?
                       (Ethiopian Review Magazine, July 1991)
In less than a month Mengistu Hailemariam and his Derg have been swept from the Ethiopian political landscape. Victory for the Ethiopian People’s Democratic Revolutionary Front (EPDRF) came quickly and Addis Ababa was captured with minimum resistance.
The political implications of this victory however remain unclear. Historic ethnic antagonisms and rivalries continue to inspire an atmosphere of fear and loathing.
The EPDRF is viewed with considerable suspicion because it is regarded as a `Tigrean organization’ with a hidden political agenda. Non- Tigreans generally dismiss EPDRF’s claims of multiethnic representation as crass political machination. Amharas resent a `Tigrean victory’ because they feel displaced from what they perceive to be their traditional role in government. The Oromos view the situation as a change without a difference.
Other ethnic groups feel they are pawns in a long-standing Amhara-Tigrean power struggle. Many remain suspicious and apprehensive about EPDRF’s intentions or its willingness to share political power. In its military victory, the EPDRF remains under intense internal and international scrutiny.
EPDRF Statements
EPDRF leaders have so far shown extraordinary political skill and astuteness in the maelstrom of fear and loathing. EPDRF Chairman Meles Zenawi, aged 37 (whose real name is Legesse Zenawi), has appeared on television and responded to questions in Amharic. He gave assurances that Ethiopia’s flag will not be replaced by the Front’s flag. He expressed his “hope” that the EPDRF will be “an important element in a transitional government.” He has declared the aim of his interim government as one of “establishing a broad-based government to facilitate democratic elections.” He identified “stabilization of the security situation in the country” and famine relief as the top priorities.
Meles has stated that detained former government officials will be brought to trial once a provisional government has been established. He promised there will be no vendetta killings or retribution.
The most auspicious of the EPDRF statements announced the scheduling of a `political conference’ on July 1 to establish a `broad-based’ provisional government. EPDRF’s support for a referendum in Eritrea remains to be the most volatile and emotional issue to many Ethiopians.
EPDRF Actions
EPDRF forces have not openly gloated over their victory. They have been restrained in their use of violence and have refrained from large-scale vendetta killings. They have banned public demonstrations including those supporting them. Scores of youthful anti-American demonstrators were killed or injured by EPDRF forces while gathered before the U.S. Embassy. Several hundred former officials who have been placed in detention, including Legesse Asfaw and Tesfaye Wolde Selassie, are awaiting trial. Independent sources and western journalists confirm that the detainees are being treated well.
EPDRF leaders have called on the country’s bureaucrats to seek their cooperation in reactivating civil administration. Kebele committees were established to conduct house-to-house searches for weapons. The highway to northern Ethiopia which had been closed for years is now open and famine relief activity appears to be underway.
EPDRF’s Critics
EPDRF’s critics remain unconvinced. Skeptics see sinister motives behind EPDRF’s actions. Some believe that EPDRF leaders are merely buying time until they are better able to consolidate their authority. Others claim that EPDRF leaders are cleverly manipulating democratic symbols to ultimately impose one-party Tigrean rule. It is also said that the EPDRF is merely responding to external and internal pressures and will show its implacability once it is firmly entrenched. Some even cynically suggest that the EPDRF aims to eventually breakup Ethiopia so that it can merge Tigre with Eritrea and establish a new state.
What is to be Done?
The EPDRF has taken over state functions but does not regard itself a formal governmental body. EPDRF officials have said that they will defer decisions unrelated to public security until the establishment of a provisional government. This includes the trial of former officials who are in detention.
Winston Churchill once remarked: “The problems of victory are more agreeable than those of defeat, but they are no less difficult.” The EPDRF and the provisional government it will help set up are likely to face their greatest challenges in victory than in their struggle to oust Mengistu. They have inherited complex problems.
The new government must walk a tightrope over a country teetering on the precipice of ethnic fragmentation, economic disaster and cataclysmic famine. Good intentions and good faith will not suffice.
The EPDRF leadership is `between a rock and a hard place’ particularly on the question of socialism. For many EPDRF leaders the decline and irrelevance of socialism must be utterly disconcerting. Arguably, many of these leaders including Meles, reportedly a one-time admirer of Stalinist Albania and a Marxist student activist while a medical student at Addis Ababa University in the early 1970s, attained their political education and maturity in the uncompromising tradition of Marxism-Leninism.
They looked towards Albania for a model. Ironically, three weeks after EPDRF’s victory Albanian communists voluntarily handed over power to non-communist elements effectively ending communist rule. Now the EPDRF finds itself facing a critical choice: muddle through with an unworkable and irrelevant ideology or openly renounce socialism and embrace democratic rule.
Statements by Meles suggest that the EPDRF is indeed shopping for some form of liberal democracy; and not only because socialism has been discredited but also because the democratic way is the only game in town. The US and other Western countries have preconditioned any cooperation and assistance on the establishment of democratic institutions. US official Herman Cohen has obliged Meles by sending him the political writings of the framers of the American constitution.
Liberal democracy, at least in the American tradition, presupposes constitutional government with specific guarantees of individual freedoms. The powers of government are subject to constitutional constraints. The American experience also argues strongly for the division of powers between the national government and local governments under a system of federalism. In practice, periodic elections, party competition, free speech and freedom of political association are essential. Conflict is managed through compromise, negotiation and tolerance of different views. Economically, liberal democracy presupposes a free enterprise system with the role of government limited to regulatory functions.
In a society with little democratic tradition and a long history of dictatorial rule, the birth of constitutional government will be painful and even chaotic. In such circumstance, the sword often appears instinctively more appealing and efficient than laborious negotiation and compromise. But violence is its own antithesis. It begets hatred, fear and more violence. The EPDRF and the provisional government must recognize that Ethiopia can no longer be yoked by violence to preserve its integrity or attain harmony.
Ethiopia’s new leaders must be genuinely committed to democratic values and institutions. Thomas Jefferson aptly observed: “I know of no safe depository of the ultimate powers of society but the people themselves; and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take it from them, but to inform their discretion by education.” The new leaders must not only educate but also define a new vision for the society. They must undertake a means to change the way Ethiopians think not only about government, society, and politics but also themselves.
Burden of Education
The educational task is a unique one. Ethiopians must first unlearn and discard long-held prejudices, unfounded fears and blind ethnic aversions. We must learn tolerate each other in our diversity of views and beliefs. We must learn to respect and celebrate each other’s ethnic heritage. Only then can we begin to appreciate the innate equality of all human beings and the egalitarian value of democracy.
To Heal a Nation
There is great expectation about the July political conference. EPDRF leaders have pledged to facilitate broad-based participation in the political dialogue. However, they have not been clear on the mechanics of participation. Understandably, it is a delicate task. Many troubling questions remain unanswered.
Will participants to the conference be invited? How will groups or representatives of groups be selected? Will EPDRF leaders chair the conference? Will members of the former regime be allowed to participate? Will organizations that have opposed EPDRF in the past be permitted to participate? Will EPDRF insist on certain portfolios such as defense in any provisional government? Where will the conference be held? If in Addis Ababa, what guarantees will be given to participants? Will the conference be televised or broadcast on radio?
If the conference is held as scheduled, EPDRF’s leaders will likely experience their first baptism in the fire of democratic politics. They should be prepared to face challenges to their legitimacy, competence, sincerity and intentions. As conference organizers with colorable title to leadership, they must show considerable political will and skill. They must strive to harmonize the diversity of views and opinions. They cannot afford to be temperamental and must show an infinite capacity to negotiate and compromise. No better time to lay the groundwork for genuine democratic government than now. In the end what is at stake is not merely the construction of civil government but the healing of a nation wounded deeply by famine, poverty, and ethnic warfare. The choice is clear: A farewell to arms or a farewell to Ethiopia.
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Twenty four years ago in 1991, I felt the choice with the TPLF in power was a “farewell to arms or a farewell to Ethiopia.”
In 2015, I believe the ONLY choice is a farewell to the TPLF.
It would be ironic to see the TPLF that cakewalked into power, firewalk out of power.
“Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable.” John F. Kennedy

ኢህአዴግ ዲያስፖራውን ለመያዝ ያደረገው ጥረት መክሸፉን ተከትሎ አዳዳስ ስልቶችን እየቀየሰ ነው

ሰኔ ፳፫ (ሃያ ሦስት) ቀን ፳፻፯ ዓ/ም ኢሳት ዜና :-ኢህአዴግ መራሹ መንግስት ዲያስፖራውን በተለያዩ ጥቅማጥቅሞች ለመያዝ ያደረገው ተደጋጋሚ ጥረት መክሸፉን ተከትሎ ፣ የዲያስፖራውን ቀልብ ሊስቡ ይችላሉ ያላቸውን አዳዲስ ዘዴዎች እያሰላሰለ ነው።
በቅርቡ በኢትዮጵያ በሚካሄደው የዲያስፖራ ሳምንት ዝግጅት ዙሪያ አስመልክቶ ፣ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር የዲያስፖራ ጉዳዮች ዳይሬክቶሬት በክልልና በፌደራል ደረጃ ከሚገኙ የዲያስፖራ ማስተባበሪያ ፅህፈት ቤት ሃላፊዎች ጋር ባካሄደው ውይይት ፣ በዲያስፖራው በኩል ይታያሉ የተባሉ በርካታ ችግሮች ተዘርዝረው ቀርበዋል።
የትግራይ ክልል የዲያስፖራ ጉዳዮች ማስተባበሪያ ፅህፈት ቤት ሃላፊ አቶ አብርሃም ገብረመድህን፣ ” ከፍተኛ ወጪ አውጥተን የትግራይ ዲያስፖራዎች /ተጋሩ ዲያስፖራ/ መቀሌ እና አዲስ አበባን ያካለለ የጉብኝት እና የትሃድሶ ፕሮግራም ብናዘጋጅላቸውም የወጣውን ወጪ የሚተካ አንድም የልማት አጋር ማግኘት ሳንችል ቀርተናል ብለዋል።
በመቀሌ እና አዲስ አበባ ቦታ ለማግኘት ከተመዘገበው ነዋሪ እያስቀደምን የቤት መስሪያ ቦታ እየቆረስን ብንሰጣቸውም፣ በአንድ ጊዜ ሰርተው ሊልኩ የሚችሉትን የቦታ ክፍያ ወደ ቤተሰቦቻቸው አዛውረውት ሂደዋል ሲሉ አክለዋል።
ትግራይ በአግሮ ፕሮሰሲንግ ዘርፍ ለዲያስፖራ ምቹ የልማት ቦታ ባይሆን እንኳን፣ የትግራይ ዲያስፖራ የሪል ስቴት ግንባታ ማካሄድ ይችል ነበር ያሉት ባለስልጣኑ፣ የእኛ ዲያስፖራ እንደ እስራኤል በበረሃ ማልማትን አለተማረም ሲሉ በምሬት ተናግረዋል።
አቶ አብርሃም በአክሱም ብቻ 23 የሚደርሱ የትግራይ ተወላጅ ዲያስፖራዎች በሆቴል ሎጅ እና ቱሪዝም ለመሰማራት መሬት ቢወስዱም ስኬታማ የሆነ ስራ መስራት አልቻሉም ብለዋል።
በኤምባሲዎች የተመደቡ ዲፕሎማቶች ከዲያስፖራው ጋር ተቀራርበው እንደማይሰሩ የገለጹት አቶ አብርሃም፣ ኤምባሲዎቹና የቆንፅላ ፅህፈት ቤቶቹ የሐበሻ ማህበረሰብ ባለበት አካባቢ ሁሉ ድጋፍ ማድረግ ይገባችሁዋል ብለዋል።
በውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር የዲያስፖራ ጉዳዮች ዳይሬክተር አቶ ፌይሰል አሊይ ኤምባሲዎችና ቆንፅላ ጽህፈት ቤቶች ከዲያስፖራው ማህበረሰብ ጋር በቋሚነት የሚገናኙባቸው መድረኮች እስካሁን አለመፈጠራቸውንና ለወደፊቱ እንዲፈጠርና በጋራ ተቀራርበው እንዲሰሩ ለማድረግ ጥረት ይደረጋል ብለዋል።
ዳይሬክተሩ በሪፖርታቸው ዲያስፖራውን በተመለከተ ክልሎች መረጃዎችን በወቅቱ አጠናክሮ የመላክ ችግሮች አሉባቸው ያሉ ሲሆን፣ ከትግራይ ክልል በስተቀር በሌሎች ክልሎችና የከተማ አስተዳደሮች አንዳንድ መመሪያዎችን በአፋጣኝ ተቀብሎ ወደ ተግባር በመለወጥ ረገድ ከፍተኛ ችግሮች አሉ ሲሉ ወቅሰዋል።
ሪፖርቱን ያቀረቡት የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር የዲያስፖራ ተሳትፎ ማስፋፊያ ዳይሬክተር አቶ ፈለቀ መኮንን በ2007 በጀት አመት ለአባይ ግድብ ግንባታ ከዲያስፖራው ማህበረሰብ በቦንድ ሽያጭና በስጦታ 6 ሚሊዮን 744 ሺ ዶላር የሚጠጋ ገንዘብ መሰብሰቡን ተናግረዋል። ይህ ገቢ በውጭ ከሚኖረው 2 ሚሊዮን 500 ሺ ህዝብ ጋር ሲነጻጻር ኢምንት ነው።
ኢህአዴግ የዲያስፖራ ቀን በሚል ከነሐሴ 4-10 ድረስ ለማክበር አቅዷል። ወደ አዲስ አበባ ለሚሄዱ ዲያስፖራዎች፣ ከኢምባሲ የድጋፍ ደብዳቤ ካመጡ የኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ 50 በመቶ ቅናሽ ያደርግላቸዋል። ኦሮምያ ክልል ደግሞ ለበአሉ ለሚሄዱ የኦህዴድ አባላትና ደጋፊዎች የሆቴል ወጪ እንደሚሽፍን መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ።
Source:: Ethsat

ፍርድ ቤቱ አቶ አንዳርጋቸው ፅጌ በምስክርነት ይቅረቡ አይቅረቡ በሚለው ላይ ብይን ይሰጣል

ሰኔ ፳፫ (ሃያ ሦስት) ቀን ፳፻፯ ዓ/ም ኢሳት ዜና :-የልደታ ፍርድ ቤት 19ኛ ምድብ ወንጀል አቶ አንዳርጋቸው ፅጌ ለመኢአድ አባላት መከላከያ ምስክር መሆን መቻል አለመቻላቸው ላይ ነገ ሰኔ 24፣ 2007 ዓ.ም ብይን ይሰጣል ተብሎ ይጠበቃል፡፡ በዘመነ ካሴ የክስ መዝገብ በግንቦት ሰባት አባልነት የተከሰሱት 5 የመኢአድ አባላት ‹‹በአንዳርጋቸው ፅጌ አሰልጣኝነት የሽብር ተግባር ለመፈፀም ተንቀሳቅሳችኋል፡፡›› በሚል ክስ የቀረበባቸው በመሆኑ እነሱም ‹‹አንዳርጋቸው ፅጌ የሚባል ሰው አናውቅም፡፡ አሰልጥኛቸዋለሁ ካለ እሱ ቀርቦ ያስረዳልን፡፡›› ብለው በመከላከያ ምስክርነት ቀርበው እንዲመሰክሩ ፍርድ ቤቱን ጠይቀዋል፡፡
ዳኛው በበኩላቸው ‹‹የት እንደሚገኙ የማይታወቁ ሰውን በመከላከያ ምስክርነት ማቅረብ ይከብዳል›› ያሉ ሲሆን፣ ተከሳሾቹም ‹‹በኢቲቪ ዶክመንተሪ ላይ እንዳየነው አቶ አንዳርጋቸው ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በሚገኝ እስር ቤት እንደሚገኙ ተረድተናል፡፡ በመሆኑም ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያለ ማረሚያ ቤት ውስጥ ያለን ሰው በምስክርነት ለማቅረብ ስለማይከብድ በመከላከያነት ሊቀርቡልን ይገባል›› ሲሉ ተከራክረዋል።
ተከሳሾቹ አቶ አንዳርጋቸው በመከላከያ ምስክርነት እንዲቀርቡ ደጋግመው መከራከራቸውን ተከትሎ ዳኛው ‹‹ሌላ መከላከያ ምስክር ብትጠሩ ምን አለበት? አቶ አንዳርጋቸውን መጥራታችሁ ምን ይፈይድላችኋል?›› በሚል ለማባበል ቢሞክሩም፣ ተከሳሾቹ በአቋማቸው ፀንተዋል።
ይህንን ተከትሎም ፍርድ ቤቱ አቶ አንዳርጋቸው ለተከሳሾች በምስክርነት መቅረብ እንደሚችሉና እንደማይችሉ ነገ ውሳኔ ይሰጣል ተብሎ ይጠበቃል፡፡
Source:: Ethsat

ባለፉት ሶስት አመታት ወደ አገር ውስጥ ከገቡ የውጭ ፕሮጀክቶች ውስጥ አብዛኞቹ ተሰረዙ

ሰኔ ፳፫ (ሃያ ሦስት) ቀን ፳፻፯ ዓ/ም ኢሳት ዜና :-ለሚቀጥለው አምስት አመታት ይተገበራል ተብሎ በተዘጋጀ የሁለተኛ ዙር የ5 አመታት እቅድ ላይ በተዘጋጀ የመወያያ ሰነድ እንደተመለከተው ባለፉት ሶስት አመታት 2 ሺ 995 ፕሮጀክቶች ወደ አገር ውስጥ ገብተው ስኬታማ ሳይሆኑ በመቅረታቸው ተሰርዘዋል።
በአማራ ክልል በባህርዳር እንዲሁም በኦሮምያ ክልል አዳማ የተደረገውን የምክክር ጉባኤ አስመልከቶ የተዘጋጀው ሰነድ እንደሚያሳየው፣ በዚህ አመት ወደ አገር ውስጥ ከገቡና መምረት ከጀመሩ 166 ፕሮጀክቶች መካከል ውጤታማ መሆን የቻሉት አምስት ብቻ ናቸው።
ፕሮጀክቶቹ አጠቃላይ ለስራቸው ማንቀሳቀሻ የሚሆን 11 ነጥብ 5 ቢሊዮን ብር ካፒታል ወጪ ያደረጉ ሲሆን፣ ከ31ሺ በላይ ለሆኑ ዜጎችም ቋሚና ጊዜያዊ የስራ እድል መፍጠራቸውን እንዲሁም በተመሳሳይ ሁኔታ በግንባታ ደረጃ ላይ ያሉ 351 ፕሮጀክቶች ለ72ሺ ዜጎች የስራ እድል ፈጥረዋል ሲባል በመንግስት የመገናኛ ብዙሃን የተላለፈው ዜና እና ሪፖርት በስህተት መሆኑን በውይይቱ ተነስቷል።
የሪፖርቶች የተአማኒነት ችግር ስርአቱን እየፈተነው መሆኑም በውይይቱ ተነስቷል።
በማንፋክቸሪንግ ዘርፍ ለመሰማራት ፈቃድ ካወጡ 272 የውጭ አገር ድርጅቶች ውስጥ ከግማሽ በላይ የሚሆኑት ከስረው መዘጋታቸውን ፣ 59 በግብርና፣ 230 ደግሞ በአገልግሎት ዘርፍ ለመሰማራት ፍቃድ አውጥተው እስካሁን ስራ አለመጀመራቸው በሰነዱ ተመልክቷል።
ሃገሪቷ የምታመርተው ምርት ጥራት፣ መጠንና በአለም ገበያ ውስጥ ሰብሮ የመግባት አቅም ሲመዘን ከአመት አመት እወደቀ እና በሌሎች ሀገራት እየተበለጠች መምጣቷን የሚያወሳው የውይይት ሰነዱ በምክንያትነት ያስቀመጠውም፣ የሊብራል ሃይሎች በአብዮታዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ላይ ያላቸው ጥላቻ እና ከቻይና ጋር ባላት ወዳጅነት የሚል ነው፡፡
Source:: Ethsat

በኢትዮጵያ የአእምሮ ጭንቀት ሁለተኛው ገዳይ በሽታ ተባለ

ሰኔ ፳፫ (ሃያ ሦስት) ቀን ፳፻፯ ዓ/ም ኢሳት ዜና :-በኢትዮጵያ ከ2003 እስከ 2005 ዓ.ም ድረስ የሳምባ ምች በሽታ የመጀመሪያው ገዳይ በሽታ የነበረ ሲሆን፣ ከ2005 ዓ.ም ጀምሮ ኤች አይ ቪ ኤድስ አንደኛ የአእምሮ ጭንቀት ደግሞ የሁለተኛ ደረጃን ይዘዋል። ኤ አይ ቪ ኤድስ በኢትዮጵያ እየቀነሰ መምጣቱ ቢነገርም፣ በሽታው አሁንም ቀዳሚ ገዳይ በሽታ ተብሎአል። የአእምሮ ጭንቀት ሁለተኛ ገዳይ በሽታ መሆኑ ቢታወቅም፣ መንስኤው ምን እንደሆነ በደረሰን መረጃ አልተገለጸም።
ኢትዮጵያውያንን በብዛት ከሚገድሉት መካከል ኤድስ ፣ የአዕምሮ ጭንቀት ፣ የሳምባ ምች በሽታ ፣ የመተንፈሻ አካላት በሽታ ፣ የደም ተቕማጥ ፣ ወባ ፣ የልብ ድካም ፣ ትርፍ አንጀት፣ ማናጃይት ፣ እና የመኪና አደጋዎች ከ1 እስከ 10 ያለውን ደረጃ ይዘዋል።
በተመላላሽ እና በአስተኝቶ ማከም ክፍል ከታዩት ህሙማን ውስጥ አብዛኞቹ በሳምባ ምች እና በወባ የተጠቁ ናቸው፡፡
Source:: Ethsat

Monday, June 29, 2015

Tell Obama: A Visit to Ethiopia is a Reward For Autocracy, Just Like a Visit to Kenya is a Direct Reward for Tribalism.

US President Barack Obama walks to Marine One prior to departing from the South Lawn of the White House in Washington, DC, June 18, 2015. Obama will in late July become the first sitting American leader to visit Ethiopia and the headquarters of the African Union, the White House said Friday.AFP PHOTO | SAUL LOEB
US President Barack Obama walks to Marine One prior to departing from the South Lawn of the White House in Washington, DC, June 18, 2015. Obama will in late July become the first sitting American leader to visit Ethiopia and the headquarters of the African Union, the White House said Friday.AFP PHOTO | SAUL LOEB
In Summary:
  • Yet anyone who has read the President’s memoirs will know that he has a deep attachment to Kenya. Obama first visited the country in 1988, when he spent five weeks there.
  • A Presidential visit to Kenya had been put on ice while President Uhuru Kenyatta faced charges of crimes against humanity for his role in 2007-2008 post-election violence.
  • Obama will meet both the Ethiopian government and AU leaders, for talks on how to “accelerate economic growth, strengthen democratic institutions and improve security.”
  • Ethiopia and Kenya have both been on the frontline of the fight against Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-allied militia Shebab, and have been important security partners to Washington.
US President Barack Obama, whose father is Kenyan, has announced on his Twitter account that he will visit Kenya in July and also that he would attend the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Nairobi. This would be his first visit to the country since he was elected as a president in 2008. Yet anyone who has read the President’s memoirs will know that he has a deep attachment to Kenya. Obama first visited the country in 1988, when he spent five weeks there, according to his memoir Dreams from elderly Father. Then, he returned to Kenya in 1992 with Michelle, and his half-sister Auma, and again in 2006 during his first year in the US Senate. President Obama still has family living in Kenya. His visit as President is a ringing endorsement of the progress Kenya has made and the reform journey on which it has embarked.

Many Kenyans eagerly awaited Obama’s trip will honour the strong historical ties between the United States and Kenya. And also, they believe hosting President Obama and other delegates to the global forum will reinforce their reputation as a world class destination for conference tourism. In August last year, the White House hosted a huge Washington summit of African leaders and the upcoming July trip is intended to build on progress towards closer economic ties. However, Human rights groups have questioned the visit to Kenya. From that moment, a presidential visit to Kenya had been put on ice while President Uhuru Kenyatta faced charges of crimes against humanity for his role in 2007-2008 post-election violence.

The International Criminal Court has since suspended that prosecution, citing a lack of evidence and Kenya’s failure to cooperate. But also Human Right groups are asking why Obama is visiting Ethiopia so soon after a contested election. After, a White House announced that, President Barack Obama will in late July become the first sitting American leader to visit Ethiopia and the headquarters of the African Union, the White House said this month. Obama’s trip to Addis Ababa (Finffinne) will come directly after an already announced trip to Kenya, his first as president to his father’s homeland, press secretary Josh Earnest announced. 

Obama will meet both the Ethiopian government and AU leaders, for talks on how to “accelerate economic growth, strengthen democratic institutions and improve security. “The election of the United States’ first black president — and the first with an African parent — raised high hopes on the continent, but Obama has been a cautious friend. In addition to this, Obama’s decision to visit Ethiopia has surprised human rights activists and advocates for good governance both in Africa and elsewhere. Ethiopia is one of the worst human rights offenders in Sub-Saharan Africa.

In its 2014 report, Human Rights Watch http://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/ethiopia” noted that Ethiopia has increasingly restricts the freedoms of assembly and expression: “… the Ethiopian authorities continue to severely restrict the rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly, using repressive laws to constrain civil society and independent media, and target individuals with politically motivated prosecutions. Muslim protests against perceived government interference in their religious affairs were met by security forces with arbitrary arrests and detentions, beatings, and other mistreatment throughout the year. The trial of 29 protest leaders who were arrested in July 2012 has been closed to the public, media, and family members since January. Others convicted under the country’s deeply flawed antiterrorism law—including opposition leaders and four journalists—remain in prison.”

As its widly known, one of Africa’s second most populous nation held a vote in May that was described by many independent observers as flawed. Just due to the fact that, it was not free or fair. The African Union said the elections were peaceful, but fell short of using the words “free and fair.” While noting that the elections were peaceful, the US State Department, expressed concerns on the news media, opposition parties, and independent voices and views. The governing party, which has ruled for over two decades, won a landslide, amid opposition allegations of intimidation and vote rigging.

After discussing Ethiopian elections, Freedom House observed that “Ethiopia’s elections are just an exercise in controlled political participation. The one potential dividend of these sham polls, however, is the international attention they will garner for the government’s growing political repression. The blatant disregard for internationally recognised standards for free and fair elections just might convince Ethiopia’s largest donors that it is time to rethink their relationship with an increasingly authoritarian government. “The decision by President Obama to travel to Ethiopia, which has seen three opposition party members murdered this week alone, is very troubling,” Jeffrey Smith of the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights center, Smith said the timing, and the symbolism of Obama’s trip, would “further solidify the image that America stands behind Africa’s autocrats.”

Despite the troubling state of human rights in the country, Ethiopia remains a major recipient of foreign aid money and security support from the United States.https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/06/19/statement-press-secretary-president%E2%80%99s-travel-ethiopia, However, a White House Statement about the trip stressed that it frequently addresses issues of democracy and political rights with countries in the region. Obama will visit the country for bilateral meetings with the Ethiopian government as well as the leadership of the African Union as part of US efforts to “work with the countries and citizens of sub-Saharan Africa to accelerate economic growth, strengthen democratic institutions, and improve security.” The White House spokesman Eric Schultz added  “We regularly, both in public and in private, communicate our concerns about some of the issues.”

Ethiopia is also one of the world’s leading jailers of journalists,” the Washington Post noted in its editorial. The newspaper argued that Mr Obama’s planned meetings with Ethiopian officials contradicts his declaration of support for African democracies during a visit to Ghana in 2009. “Africa doesn’t need strongmen,” the US president said on that occasion. “It needs strong institutions.” So, a visit to Ethiopia will totally contradict with his word to support for African democracies.

Ethiopia and Kenya have both been on the frontline of the fight against Somalia’s Al-Qaeda-allied militia Shebab, and have been important security partners to Washington. Shebab units have been hunted by African Union troops and US drones inside Somalia — but have outflanked the Kenyan contingent in Somalia to mount a string of gruesome cross-border raids. In April last year the group attacked a university in Garissa, Kenya killing 148 people — most of them students.

Therefore, my conclusion is that, a visit to Ethiopia by the US President is a reward for autocracy, human rights abuses and dictatorship, just like a visit to Kenya is a direct reward for impunity, tribalism and corruption. It’s like all these vices don’t matter as long as American interests are at stake! They will even make a pact with the devil for their interests to be met. Obama is coming to both Kenya and Ethiopia because of the fight against Alshabaab that they highly support. They don’t give a damn if the person they are to contact is a murderer, a witch or a wizard period. To them, their interests outrides any interests that there can be.

ለዋይት ሃውስ ይደውሉ፣ ፋክስ ይላኩ (የመጀመሪያ ዙር)

By Abebe Gelaw

ለዋይት ሃውስ ይደውሉ፣ ፋክስ ይላኩ (የመጀመሪያ ዙር)
እንደሚታወቀው የአሜሪካኑ ፕሬዚዳንት ባራክ ኦባማ በዚህ ወር መጨረሻ ለጉብኝት ወደ ኬንያ ሲሄዱ ኢትዮጵያ ጎራ የማለት እቅድ እንዳላቸው ተገልጿል። ይሁንና የፕሬዚዳንቱ ጉብኝት ለአብዛኛው ኢትዮጵያዊ ከጥቅሙ ጉዳቱ የሚያመዝን በመሆኑ ነጻነት ናፋቂ የሆነውና በአለም ዙሪያ ተበትኖ የሚገኘው ኢትዮጵያዊ ሁሉ ወደ ዋይት ሃውስ በመደወል እንዲሁም ፋክስ በማድረግ
በትህትና ፕሬዚዳንቱ ለዜጎቿ ምድራዊ ሲኦል እንድትሆን የተደረገችውን አገራችንን መጎብኘት አንባገነኖችን እንደማበረታታት ሊቆጠር ስለሚችል ድምጻችንን በስፋትና በተከታታይ እናሰማ። ከዚህ በታች ያለውን ደብዳቤ ስምና አድራሻችሁን በመጻፍ ፋክስ ብታደርጉ፣ እንዲሁም በማህበራዊ ድረገጾች በስፋት በማሰራጨት ትብብር እንድታደርጉ በትህትና እጠይቃለሁ።
ስልክ ለመደወል በስራ ሰአት በ +1 (202) 456–1414 ይደውሉ ask to talk to Denis McDonough, The President's Chief of Staff / or leave a message
ፋክስ ለማድረግ +1 202-456-2461 በመጠቀም መልእክትዎን ያድርሱ።
Also call the U.S. State Department and ask to talk to Linda Thomas-Greenfield, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs (phone no. 202-647-4440) Also fax: 202-647-3344
Dear President Obama,
I am writing to express my deep concern over your planned visit to Ethiopia amidst worsening human rights violations and political repressions.
As you may know, the TPLF-led ruling junta has recently declared to have “won” 100 percent of all parliamentary and regional seats. Ironically, this cruel electoral joke that has never been seen in any democratic elections, has only revealed that they have completely hijacked the whole electoral process and installed oppression as an institution. It is another testimony to the fact that the brutal minority junta has completely shut out the majority from democratically and peacefully participating in the political process of their country.
Against the backdrop of this shameless tyrannical travesty, I fear that your visit can be counterproductive as it can be misconstrued by the TPLF-led regime as your administration's endorsement and seal of approval for the sustenance of the crimes, atrocities, abuses, extrajudicial killings, torture and corruption that they are committing with impunity.
Scores of journalists, bloggers, activists, religious, political party and civil society leaders, as well tens of thousands of ordinary citizens that have never committed any crimes, are languishing in hellish jails across the country. As a result of the land grab policy, millions of poor peasants are being displaced to give way to corrupt oligarchs and their local and foreign business partners.
A cursory look at the annual U.S. State Department human rights report can even reveal a litany of disturbing atrocities being perpetrated against defenseless civilians. “The most significant human rights problems included: restrictions on freedom of expression and association, including through arrests; detention; politically motivated trials; harassment; and intimidation of opposition members and journalists, as well as continued restrictions on print media,” the report reads.
“The government continued restrictions on activities of civil society and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) imposed by the Charities and Societies Proclamation (the CSO law)....Other human rights problems included arbitrary killings; allegations of torture, beating, abuse, and mistreatment of detainees by security forces; reports of harsh and, at times, life-threatening prison conditions; arbitrary arrest and detention; detention without charge and lengthy pretrial detention; a weak, overburdened judiciary subject to political influence; infringement on citizens’ privacy rights, including illegal searches; allegations of abuses in the implementation of the government’s “villagization” program; restrictions on academic freedom; restrictions on freedom of assembly, association, and movement; alleged interference in religious affairs; limits on citizens’ ability to change their government; police, administrative, and judicial corruption; violence and societal discrimination against women and abuse of children; female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C); trafficking in persons; societal discrimination against persons with disabilities; clashes between ethnic minorities….”
All these disturbing facts are excerpted from the text of your government’s human rights report. If the United States is indeed sincere about reporting and documenting the disturbing crimes of the ruling elite, it beggars question why your administration is silently rewarding the terrorists with aid money and diplomatic support.
I understand that the United States is cooperating with the ruling junta in Ethiopia in the fight against terrorism. As far as Ethiopians are concerned, I can assure you that the TPLF and its surrogates are the only terrorists in Ethiopia that have total disregard to their own constitution and laws. Using the so-called anti-terrorism law to terrorize journalists, activists, dissidents and ordinary citizens that raise their voice against the regime’s oppressive and unjust practices, they have practically criminalized free expression.
Mr. President, during your visit to Ghana almost six years ago, you had declared: “Africa does not need strongmen, it needs strong institutions.” It is for this very reason that visiting Ethiopia, where strongmen are playing the devil, sends the wrong message to the remaining evil dictators and corrupt tyrants across the world.
I firmly believe that the long-term interests of the United States seriously compromised when it forges alliances with tyrants known for their wanton disregard to human rights, individual liberty and dignity.
It would, therefore, be prudent to reconsider your travel to Ethiopia, which can be misinterpreted as a blessing to the brutal regime which is committing crimes against humanity.
Mr. President, I would like to urge you to cancel your travel to Ethiopia, which has been turned into a giant prison because it will send a much better message than shaking hands with criminals whose hands are soaked with the blood of so many innocent people. If cancelling your travel is not an option for whatever reason, please help Ethiopians by delivering a strong message in support of human rights, individual liberty, justice and democracy.All political prisoners must be freed unconditionally. So many children, moms, friends and loved ones are tearfully waiting for their release.
Mr. President, stand by the oppressed people of Ethiopia. In the end, when the dictators face their inevitable fall, we are the ones who will sing your song: “Free at last, free at last. Thank God Almighty we are free at last.”
As Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said: “In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.”
I appreciate your attention.
Best regards

Time to expose the Brutal Regime in Ethiopia